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AP HuGs Chapter 12
AP Human Geography review for chapter 12
|Nike, headquartered in Oregon, employs thousands of people in that state. What percentage are employed in shoe manufacturing/assembly?
|In Britain, their proximity to what things gave an unsurpassed advantage to the development of early industry?
|Coal Fields, iron ore, railroads, ports, money
|The Ruhr industrial area is connected to its port by
|The relocation of industry to cities like Paris and London was facilitated by
|The increase in time and cost with distance is referred to as
|Friction of Distance
|In Losch's Model, the zone of profitability for a business is marked by:
|High income, lost cost
|When Alfred Weber published his book Theory of the Location of Industries (1909), what did he select as the critical determinant of regional industrial location?
|If a substantial number of enterprises all develop in, or move to, the same area the factor is called
|Hotelling's location analysis emphasized the role of
|Industrialization occurred along an axis from Northern France through North-Central Germany to Czech Republic and South Poland. This axis correlates with ____ as a locational factor.
|Europe's greatest industrial complex is the
|Manufacturing in North America began in ___ as early as late colonial times.
|New York City, like other large urban centers with great port, is call a break of bulk location because
|Transported goods can be transferred to other transportation methods to get them where they need to go. Ex. barge to truck
|This area is one of Russia's oldest manufacturing centers.
|After World War 1, this region produced about 90 percent of the coal needed to help the then Soviet Union industrialize.
|Japan's dominant industrial region is the
|Mass production of standardized goods using assembly line techniques is referred to as
|Fast, flexible production with outsourcing around the world is referred to as:
|The type of manufacturing that is more likely to be located in peripheral countries is
|In 2008, Saudi Arabia and ___ were the world's two largest oil producers
|Television research and design takes place in
|During the 1970's, US television manufacturers began to move productions "offshore" to places such as special zones on the Mexican border called
|The second largest industrial district in China developed around _____, China's largest city.
|Service industries are commonly referred to as ___ industries.
|People working in the ____ sector of the economic activity tend to have high levels of specialized knowledge or technical skills.
|The most important locational factor for the service sector is the
|Fayetteville, Arkansas has become a ____ because of Wal-Mart.
|High-technology corridors have sprung up in the global economic core. The resulting collection of high-tech industries has been called a technopole. A similar concentration has appeared around the city of ___
|Technopoles tend to locate near _____.
|Places of research and development
|Where did the Industrial Revolution originate?