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Dark Ages 1


King Author Legendary leader of Britain in the Middle Ages inspired epic poems and stories.
Illuminated manuscripts In the 600's and 700's, monks made beautiful copies of religious writings. These images preserved at least a part of Rome's intellectual heritage.
Tithes Percentage of earnings, wealth, or belongings paid to the church, king, or landowner. Similar to taxes.
Germanic tribes Barbarians that attacked the Roman Empire.
Charlemagne King of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor; conqueror of the Lombards and Saxons(742-814).
Vassal Less powerful noble who promises to fight for a lord in exchange for a piece of land from the lord's fief.
Dark age Time with little change in culture and a lack of structure to civilization.
Holy Roman Empire A political and religious uniting of Europe that began in 800AD.
Tournaments A series of jousts between knights contesting for a prize.
Three field system Way of farming where farmer allows one field to be unused and rotated.
Missionary Someone sent on a mission--especially a religious or charitable mission to a foreign country.
Monastery A place for religious people to live and study.
Pope The head of the Roman Catholic Church.
Canon law Laws under the authority of the church.
Clovis King of the Franks who unified Gaul and established his capital at Paris and founded the Frankish monarchy; his name was rendered as Gallic 'Louis' (466-511).
Excommunication The act of banishing a member of the Church from the communion of believers and the privileges of he Church; cutting a person off from a religious society.
Feudalism The social system that developed in Europe in the 8th C; vassals were protected by lords who they had to serve in war.
Code of Chivalry Rules that Knights had to live by; serve lord on earth, heavenly father, chosen lady. Take care of weak and poor.
Fief A piece of land held under the feudal system.
Serf A person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord.
Created by: 83celbak