Normal Size Small Size show me how
med term wk 4
Medical Terminology a living language
|How many bones are in the skeletal system?
|What is the internal framework of the body called?
|Which two primary structures make up the skeletal system?
|lamina, part of vertebra
|low back, loin
|bone marrow, spinal chord
|radius, ray (x-ray)
|to surgically break
|what two functions do bones have?
|protecting the organs and storing minerals
|where are blood cells produced?
|the space where two bones meet
|what holds two bones together?
|the skeleton joints and muscles work together to produce
|what is another word for bones?
|what is the process of forming bones called?
|The fetal skeleton is formed from a _____ model
|after cartilage is formed but before osteocytes are formed what makes up the skeleton?
|what are adult bones called?
|what type of bone are the femur and humerus?
|what type of bone are the carpals and tarsals?
|what type of bones are the vertebrae?
|what type of bones are the scapulae, sternum and pelvis?
|what is the central shaft in a long bone called?
|what are the wider parts at the ends of a long bone called?
|what is the layer of cartilage covering the epiphysis called?
|what is the name of the thin connective tissue membrane covering the bone?
|what is the dense hard exterior of the bone called?
|cortical or compact bone
|what is the spongy bone found inside of a bone?
|cancellous or spongy bone
|what do the spaces in cancellous bone contain?
|red bone marrow
|which part of the bone manufactures most of the red blood cells?
|red bone marrow
|what is the name of the canal in the center of the diaphysis?
|what kind of bone marrow can be found in the medullary cavity in adulthood?
|yellow bone marrow
|what does yellow bone marrow primarily consist of?
|where does the term diaphysis come from and what does it mean?
|Greek, to grow between
|a projection of the ulna called the olecranon is more commonly referred to as?
|what is a process?
|a bony projection
|what would a large smooth ball shaped end on a long bone called?
|what is the part that separates the shaft of a bone from the head?
|what is the smooth rounded end of a bone called?
|what is the projection on or above the condyle called?
|What would you call the large rough process meant for the attachment of a muscle?
|what would you call the small rough process meant for the attachment of muscles and tendons?
|what5 would you call a hollow cavity within a bone?
|what would you call a smooth round opening for nerves and blood vessles?
|what would you call a shallow cavity or depression on the surface of a bone?
|slit type opening
|head neck spine chest and trunk of the body are part of which skeletal division?
|what is the name of the u shaped bone suspended in the neck between the mandible and the larynx?
|What is the frontal bone and how many are there?
|the forehead, 1
|what is the parietal bone and how many are there?
|the upper sides of the cranium and roof of the skull, 2
|what is the occipital bone and how many are there?
|back and base of the skull, 1
|what is thew temporal bone and how many are there?
|sides and base of the cranium, 2
|what is the sphenoid bone and how many are there?
|bat-shaped bone that forms the base of the skull, floor, and sides of the eye orbit, 1
|what is the ethmoid bone and how many are there?
|forms part of the eye orbit, nose and floor of the cranium, 1
|what is the lacrimal bone and how many are there?
|the inner corner of each eye, 2
|what is the nasal bone and how many are there?
|form part of the septum and support the bridge of the nose, 2
|what is the maxilla and how many are there?
|upper jaw, 1
|what is the mandible and how many are there?
|lower jawbone, only moveable bone of the skull, 1
|what is the zygomatic bone and how many are there?
|what is the vomer bone and how many are there?
|base of the nasal septum, 1
|what is the palatine bone and how many are there?
|hard palate roof of the oral cavity and floor of the nasal cavity, 1
|what three parts does the trunk of the body consist of?
|vertebral column, sternum and ribcage
|what is another name for the vertebral column?
|what are the five sections of the trunk?
|cervical vertebrae, thoracic vertebrae, lumbar vertebrae, sacrum and coccyx
|what is the name of the disk found in between vertebrae?
|what is an intervertebral disc made of?
|how many pairs of ribs in the rib cage are attached to the vertebral column?
|how many ribs in the rib cage are attached to the sternum?
|what are the lowest two pairs of ribs called?
|what are the cervical vertebrae and how many are there?
|vertebrae in the neck region, 7
|what is the thoracic vertebrae and how many are there?
|vertebrae in the chest region with ribs attached, 12
|what are lumbar vertebrae and how many are there?
|vertebrae in the small of the back about waist level, 5
|what are the sacrum vertebrae and how many are there?
|Five vertebrae that become fused into one triangular shaped flat bone at the base of the vertebral column, 1
|what are the coccyx and how many are there?
|three to five very small vertebrae attached to the sacrum that often become fused, 1
|what 4 regions make up the appendicular skeleton?
|pectoral girdle, upper extremities, pelvic girdle and lower extremities
|what is the function of the axial skeleton?
|to protect the organs
|what is the function of the appendicular skeleton
|responsible for movement
|which bones make up the pectoral girdle?
|clavicle and scapula
|what are the bones of the upper extremities?
|humerus, ulna, radius, carpals, metacarpals, phalanges
|what is the clavicle and how many are there?
|collar bone, 2
|what is the scapula and how many are there?
|shoulder blade, 2
|what is the humerus and how many are there?
|upper arm bone,2
|what is the radius and how many are there
|forearm bone, thumb side of lower arm, 2
|what is the ulna and how many are there?
|forearm bone on the little finger side of the lower arm, 2
|what are the carpals and how many are there?
|bones of the wrist, 16
|what are the metacarpals and how many are there?
|what are the phalanges and how many are there?
|finger bones, three in each finger and two in each thumb, 28
|what are three other names for the pelvic girdle?
|os coxae/ innonimate bone/ hipbone
|what parts are included in the pelvic girdle?
|ilium, ischium, pubis
|what are the bones found in the lower extremities?
|femur, patella, tibia, fibula, tarsals, metatarsals and phalanges
|what is the femur and how many are there?
|upper leg bone, thigh bone, 2
|what is the patella and how many are there?
|what is the tibia and how many are there?
|shin bone, thicker lower leg bone, 2
|what is the fibula and how many are there?
|thinner long bone in lateral side of the lower leg, 2
|what are the tarsals and how many are there?
|ancle and heel bones, 14
|what are the metatarsals and how many are there?
|forefoot bones, 10
|how many phalanges are in the feet?
|what is an articulation?
|a spot where two or more bones meet to form a joint
|what are the three types of joints?
|synovial joints, cartilaginous joints, fibrous joints
|what type of movement does a synovial joint allow?
|what lines a joint capsule?
|what encases a synovial joint?
|what fluid is secreted by the synovial membrane and what is it's purpose?
|synovial fluid lubricates joints
|what is a bursa?
|a saclike structure composed of connective tissue and lined with synovial membrane
|what type of movement does a fibrous joint allow?
|almost no movement
|what type of movement do cartilaginous joints allow?
|to puncture to withdraw fluid
|applicant of a solid material to immobalize an extremity or portion of the body
|includes casts splints ect, the process of stabalizing a fractured bone
|correcting a fracture by realigning thew bone fragments
|applying a pulling force on a fractured or dislocated limb in order to restore normal allignment
|bone density testing
|bone mineral density
|C1, C2 ect
|degenerative joint disease
|herniated nucleus pulposus
|juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
|L1, L2 ect
|left lower extremity
|left upper extremity
|nonsteroidal anti-inflamitory drug
|open reduction-internal fixation
|right lower extremity
|right upper extremity
|systemic lupus erythromatosus
|T1, T2, ect
|total hip arthroplasty
|total hip replacement
|total knee arthroplasty
|total knee replacement
|What is the defenition of a muscle?
|A bundle, sheet, or ring of tissue that produces movemen by contracting and pulling on the structure to which they are attached.
|what are the primary structures of the muscular system?
|to stretch out
|sole of foot
|what are the three types of muscle?
|cardiac, smooth, skeletal
|muscles that are under your control are called____muscles eg. bicept
|muscles you are not able to control are called _____muscles eg. heart
|another name for a skeletal muscle
|what would you call layers of fibrous connective tissue?
|what would you call the tapered end of a fascia?
|what stimulates muscles to contract or relax?
|what would you call the point in which the nerve contacts a muscle fiber?
|what is another name for smooth muscle?
|what is the rectus abdominis?
|what would you call the muscle located along the sternumand clavicle?
|in muscle attatchment the spot in which a muscle is connected to the less moveable bone is called the
|in muscle attachment the spot in which a muscle is connected to the more moveable bone is called the
|what is the function of an antagonistic pair?
|to produce opposite actions
|what would you call the type of movement a muscle produces?
|what would you call a movement away from the midline of the body?
|what would you call a movement towards the midline of the body?
|what would you call the act of bending or being bent?
|what would you call the straightening out of a limb?
|what is the term for backwards bending as of the hand or foot?
|what would you call the bending of the sole of the foot; pointing toes downward?
|what would you call outward turning?
|what would you call inward turning?
|what would you call downward facing as with the hand?
|what would you call upward facing as with the hand?
|what would the medical term for an action such as shrugging the shoulders be?
|what would a downward motion such as slouching the shoulders be called?
|what would movement in a circular direction from a central point be called?
|what would you call the ability to move the thumb away from the palm and to touch the fingers with the thumb
|what would you call the motion of moving around a central axis?
|scar tissue forming on the fascia surrounding a muscle
|poor muscle development (muscle wasting)
|having slow movement
|abnormal shortening of muscle fibers
|having difficult or painful movement
|having abnormal muscle tone
|having an excessive amount of movement
|having excessive muscle tone
|having an increase in muscle bulk resulting from lifting weights
|having insufficient muscle tone
|attacks of severe pain and lameness caused by ischemia of the muscles
|sudde, involuntary, strong muscle contraction
|inflamation of the fascia
|condition with widespread aching and pain in the muscles and soft tissue
|inflammation of the muscle attachment to the lateral epicondyl of the elbow.
|inherited disease causing a progressive muscle degeneration, weakness, and atrophy
|a general term for muscle disease
|tearing a muscle
|the simultaneous inflammation of two or more muscles
|pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy
|muscular dystrophy in which the muscles look large because they are replaced by fatty tissue
|severe neck spasms pulling the head to one side
|carpal tunnel syndrome
|repetitive motion dissorder with pain caused by compression of the finger flexor tendons and median nerve as they pass through the carpal tunnel of the wrist
|cyst that forms on the tendon sheath
|repetetive motion dissorder
|group of chronic dissorders brought on by repetetive motions
|dammage to the muscle tendons or ligaments due to overuse or overstretching
|inflammation of a tendon
|deep tendon reflexes (DTR)
|muscle contraction in response to a stretch caused by the striking of a reflex hammer
|the hardcopy record produced by electromyography
|study and record of the strength and quality of muscle contractions as a result of electrical stimulation
|removal of muscle tissue for pathalogical examination
|carpal tunnel syndrome
|deep tendon reflex