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Ancient Egypt

2014-2015

TermDefinition
The Gift of the Nile Quote from a Greek Historian Herodotus stating that Egypt would be a desert if not for the Nile River
Black Land rich irrigated land around the Nile River
Red Land sun baked desert that stretches across Northern Africa
Egyptian Irrigation yearly flooding of the Nile River where reservoirs and irrigation ditches were built to store water during the dry seasons. The Egyptians also built a machine called a shadoof to help with irrigation.
Upper Egypt southern egypt
Lower Egypt northern egypt
Delta triangular area of marshland where a river meets a larger body of water
Memphis the first capital of ancient Egypt
Old Kingdom 2575 -2130 BCE
Middle Kingdom 1938-1630BCE
New Kingdom 1539-1075 BCE
Dynasty ruling family
Pharaohs chief ruler, priest and king of Ancient Egypt
Vizier close advisor to the Pharaoh, oversaw all major projects, chief administrator of the government
Necropolis cemetery
Great Pyramids at Giza built during the Old Kingdom as a final resting place for the Pharaohs
Hyksos foreign invaders that took control of Egypt around 1700 BCE (Middle Kingdom); adopted Egyptian customs used iron weapons and horse drawn chariots
Hatshepsut first female Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt during the New Kingdom period
Thutmose III Stepson of Hatshepsut, great military general, extended Egypt’s borders to their greatest
Cataract waterfall
Amon-Re highest god in ancient Egypt, sun god
Osiris the god of the underworld and of the Nile River
Isis the wife of Osiris, special appeal to women as they believed she taught them to bring up children, spin flax, grind corn, and weave cloth
Book of the Dead document that explained the spells, charms and formulas to use in the afterlife
Mummification to preserve a dead body through embalming and wrapping in linen
Tutankhamen boy Pharaoh of Egypt, died around age 18
Valley of the Kings desolate valley where many Pharaohs were buried during the New Kingdom time period to keep safe from robbers
Hieroglyphics writing form of Ancient Egypt
Papyrus a plant that grows along the banks of the Nile used to make paper
Rosetta Stone basalt stone decoding hieroglyphics
Created by: aberninger1