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AP Human Chapter 8

TermDefinition
state an area organized into a political unit and ruled by an established government
sovereignty ability of a state to govern its territory
microstates a state that encompasses a very small land area
UN An international organization formed in 1945 to increase political and economic cooperation among member countries
city state a sovereign state comprising a city and its immeditely surrounding countryside
nation a large group of people with a common interest/bond
nation-state a state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality
stateless nation an ethnic group, religious group, linguistic group or other cohesive group which is not the majority population in any nation state
self-determination concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves
multi-ethnic state state that contains more than one ethnicity
colony territory that is legally tied to a sovereign state rather than completely independent
colonialism an attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory
imperialism a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
boundary invisible line that marks the extent of a states territory
frontier zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control
physical boundaries naturally occurring barrier between two areas. Rivers, mountain ranges, oceans, and deserts
cultural boundaries boundaries that mark breaks in the human landscape based on differences in ethnicity
geometric boundaries political boundaries defined and delimited as straight lines or arcs
compact state state in which the distance from the center to any boundary does not vary significantly
elongated state state w a long narrow shape
prorupted state state has a long extension, or an extended arm of territory
perforated state state that completely surrounds another one
fragmented state state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory
landlocked state state surrounded by land w no outlet to the sea
democracy country in which citizens elect leaders and can run for office
autocracy country that is run according to the interests of the ruler rather than the people
anocracy country that is not fully democratic or fully autocratic but rather displays a mix of the two types
theocracy a system of government in which priests rule in the name of God or a god
monarchy a form of government with a monarch at the head
arab spring a series of ant-government protests
unitary state internal organization of a state that places most power in the hands of central government officials
federal state internal organization of a state that allocates most powers to units of local government
gerrymandering process of redrawing legislative boundaries for the purpose of benefiting the party in power
balance of power condition of roughly equal strength between opposing countries or alliances of countries
supernationalism method of decision-making in multi-national political communities, wherein power is transferred or delegated to an authority by governments of member states
terrorism systematic use of violence by a group in order to intimidate a population or coerce a government into granting its demands
devolution the transfer or delegation of power to a lower level
irredentism the doctrine that irredenta should be controlled by the country to which they are ethnically or historically related
Created by: amberlague