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Chapter 15 & 16

Renaissance and Reformation

QuestionAnswer
This was the response of the Catholic Church to the Protestant Reformation Catholic Reformation
They were a radical Christian group who believed in separation of church and state and adult baptism Anabaptists
This was a time when different types of Christianity besides Roman Catholicism emerged in Europe Protestant Reformation
Michelangelo painted this famous ceiling Sistine Chapel
Martin Luther posted his 95 These in this year 1517
This Florentine family sponsored art and architecture during the Renaissance Medici
He called the Council of Trent to help restore the Church's power and create a clear doctrine in 1545 Pope Paul III
Henry VIII founded this church because he wanted a divorce from his wife Anglican
Madonna refers to her Mary, Jesus' mother
Prior to the Protestant Reformation, the ____ owned 1/3 of the land in Europe Catholic Church
Leonardo da Vinci's two most famous works are these Last Supper and Mona Lisa
John Calvin led the Protestant Reformation in this country Switzerland
This accepted the division between the Catholic and Protestant churches in Germany Peace of Augsburg
He proposed that the sun was the center of the universe Copernicus
Predestination was a strong belief of this man John Calvin
Martin Luther posted his ideas of reform in the Church in this country Germany
Johannes Gutenberg created this important invention printing press
This was a time when art and architecture flourished by returning to Greek and Roman styles Renaissance
The best-known Christian humanist was this man Erasmus
This group was still persecuted in Europe after the Protestant Reformation Jews
Masaccio is best-known for this type of art frescos
An intellectual movement of the Renaissance based on the study of the humanities, which included grammar, rhetoric, poetry, moral philosophy, and history humanism
The language of everyday speech in a particular region vernacular
Painting done on fresh, wet plaster with water-based paints fresco
Artistic techniques used to give the effect of three-dimensional depth to two-dimensional surfaces perspective
A movement that developed in northern Europe during the Renaissance, combining classical learning and individualism with the goal of reforming the Catholic Church Christian humanism
The state of being saved (that is, going to heaven) through faith alone or through faith and good works salvation
A release from all or part of punishment for sin by the Catholic Church, reducing time in purgatory after death indulgence
The religious doctrine that Martin Luther developed; it differed from Catholicism in the doctrine of salvation, which Luther believed could be achieved by faith alone, not by good works; the first Protestant faith Lutheranism
Process of being justified, or deemed worthy of salvation, by God justification
Belief that God has determined in advance who will be saved and who will be damned predestination
Declare invalid annul
Formerly a district in a city in which Jews were required to live ghetto
The Renaissance took place during this time 14th through 16th centuries
He was most upset by the sale of indulgences in the Catholic Church Martin Luther
The Renaissance started here Italy
This group was founded by Ignatius of Loyola and was concerned with education Jesuits
Dante Alighieri's most famous work of vernacular literature was this The Divine Comedy
The invention of the printing press contributed to the success of this Protestant Reformation
The Anglican Church was founded in this country England
He was an English Catholic who was beheaded for not accepting the Anglican Church Thomas More
This Italian wrote "The Prince," which talked about what a leader would do to remain in power Niccolo Machiavelli
This painter from the Netherlands perfected the art of realistic oil paintings Jan van Eyck
Created by: Mrs. Marquardt