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Independence

India and the United States

TermDefinition
nonviolence A form of protest that emphasizes the use of peaceful confrontation.
violence A form of changer emphasizes the use of physical force intended to hurt, damage, or kill someone or something.
Imperialism A policy or practice which a country increases its power by gaining control over other areas of the world.
Colonization The process of creating colonies.
Colonialism The control or governing influence of a nation OVER a dependent territory, country and/or people.
Independence After WWII many European colonies in Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean began to seek becoming a self-governing country/territory.
Nationalism devotion and loyalty to one's own country; patriotism. Can become extreme.
Ethnocentrism Characterized by or based on the attitude that one's own group is superior.
decolonization The process of becoming free from imperialism.
British Empire This Empiore included many territories under its control, which reached its greatest extent at the end of World War I when it embraced over a quarter of the world's population and more than a quarter of the world's land surface
India National Congress _____ is to India as the African National Congress is to South Africa.
India National Congress From its foundation on 28 December 1885 until the time of independence of India on 15 August 1947. This group was the largest and most prominent Indian public organization, and central and defining influence of the Indian Independence Movement.
Muslim League An organization that formed to represent the rights of Indian Muslims.
Mohandas Gandhi A political and spiritual leader during India's struggle with Great Britain for home rule; an advocate of passive resistance (1869-1948)
World War II War involving countries from around the world, focusing on the Axis Powers (Japan, Italy, Germany) and the Allied Powers (Britain, France, Russia, United States) that began with German aggression.
East India Tea Company The company accounted for half of the world's trade at it's height, particularly trade in basic commodities that included cotton, silk, indigo dye, salt, saltpetre, tea and opium. The company also ruled the beginnings of the British Empire in India
Thirteen colonies 13 British colonies in North America that joined together and became the United States of America after adopting the Declaration of Independence in 1776.
Continental Congress a convention of delegates called together that became the governing body of the United States during the American Revolution.
Declaration of Independence A document that declared the Colonies to be free and independent of England.
George Washington U.S. general and political leader: 1st president of the U.S.
King George III During his 59-year reign, he pushed through a British victory in the Seven Years’ War, led England’s successful resistance to Revolutionary and Napoleonic France, and presided over the loss of the American Revolution.
Created by: awilfert