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LM - Chapter 4 B


apnea not breathing
anoxia with out oxygen (decrease in tissues)
abnormal pertaining to away from the norm; not regular
abductor one who leads away from the body
adductor one who leads toward the body
adrenal glands endocrine glands located above the the kidneys
anabolism process of casting (building) up materials (proteins) in the cell
analysis to seperate (apart)
ante cibum before meals
anteflexion bending forward
antepartum before birth
antisepsis condition against infection
antibiotic pertaining to against life
antigen a substance (usually foreign) that stimulates the production of antibodies
antibody protein substance made in the body to destroy foreign antigens
antitoxin a substance produced in response to and capable of neutralizing a toxin
autoimmune related to making antibodies against one's own cells and tissues
bifurcation forking (branching) into two
bilateral pertaining to two sides
bradycardia condition of slow heart beat
catabolism process of casting down marterials (sugar) to release energy in the cells
congenital anomaly irregularity at birth
connective to tie (bind) together
contraindication to point out against; as reasons why a drug should not be taken
contralateral pertaining to the opposite side
dehydration condition of lack of water
diameter to measure through; as the diameter of a circle
diarrhea to flow through; water is not properly absorbed through the walls of the colon
dialysis complete separation; two types of hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis
dyplasia abnormal ("bad") development or formation
ectopic pregnancy pregnancy out of the normal place (usually in the fallopian tubes)
endocardium inner lining (membrane) of the heart
endoscope intrument to view with in the body
endotracheal pertaining to within the trachea
epithelium skin cell
euphoria good feeling, "high"
euthyroid normal thyroid function
exophthalmos eyeballs that protrude
hemiglossectomy removal of half the tongue
hyperglycemia increase in blood sugar
hyperplasia condition of increased formation (increse in the number of cells)
hypertrophy increse in development; increase in size of cells
hypodermic pertaining to below the skin
hypoglycemia decrease in blood sugar
insomniac pertaining to inability to sleep
incision process of cutting into; sectioning
infracostal pertaining to below the ribs
intercostal pertaining to between the ribs
intavenous pertiaining to within the vein
macrocephaly pertaining to a large head
malignant harmful, bad; cancerous condition
malaise feeling of discomfort, bad feeling
metacarpal bones five hand bones beyond wrist
metamorphosis condition of changing shape or form
metastasis beyond control; spreading of a cancerous tumor
microscope intrument to view small objects
neonatal pertainign to a newborn (infant)
neoplasm new growth; new formation (tumor)
pancytopenia condition of decrease in all cells (blood cells)
paralysis abnormal destruction (of nerves) leading to loss of muscle function
parathyroid glands endocrine glands located near the thyroid gland
percutaneous pertaining to throught the skin
percardium membrane surround the heart
periosteum membrane surround the bone
polymorphonuclear pertaining to many-shaped nucleas; a type of white blood cell
polyneurtits inflammation of many nerves
postmortem after death
precancerous pertaining to before cancer, a lesion that may become cancerous
prenatal pertaining to before birth
prodrome symptoms that appear before the onset of a more severe illness
prolapse sliding forward or downward
pseudocyesis state of false pregnancy
relapse a sliding back; recurrence of symptoms fo disease
remission to send back; disappearance of symptoms of disease
recombinant DNA inserting a gene from one organism into the DNA of another organism
retroperitoneal pertaining to behind the peritoneum
retroflexion bending backward
subcutaneous pertaining to under the skin
suprapubic pertaining to above the pubic bone
syndactyly condition of webb (held together) fingers or toes; a congential anomaly
synthesis to put, place together
syndrome a group of symptoms that run (occur) together
symbiosis condition or state of "life together"; two organisims living together for mutual benefit or not
tachypnea rapid breathing
transfusion to pour across, as in transferring blood from one person to another
transurethral pertaining to through the urethra
ultrasonography process of recording ultrasound waves
unilateral pertaining to one side
Created by: marykay135