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Ethnicity

AP Human Chapter 7

TermDefinition
Ethnicity Refers to a group of people who share a common identity. Involves more than physical characteristics associated with race; also includes a person's perceived social and cultural identity.
Ethnic Provinces When entire regions become associated with ethnic or racial aggregations.
Diaspora Experiences of people who come from a common ethnic background but live in different regions or ethnic backgrounds.
Ethnic Islands Small, rural areas settled by a single ethnic group as opposed to ethnic neighborhoods or enclaves, which are urban. These people leave their imprint in rural areas through housing, barn style, and farmstead layouts.
Charter Groups The first ethnic group to establish cultural norms in an area. Sometimes called the "first effective settlement" or "first self-perpetuating society" whose imprint affect modern cultural geography of an area.
Syncretism The development of a new cultural trait as a result of the fusion of two distinct but interacting cultures.
Ethnic Enclaves A relatively small area occupied by a distinct culture or ethnicity, which largely result from chain migration. Eases the adaption process by providing business opportunities, community, and cultural items and traditions from home such as food and clothes
Social Distance Measure of the perceived differences between an immigrant ethnic group and the charter or host society.
Ethnic Neighborhood Concentrations of people from the same ethnicity in certain pockets of the city. When ethnic groups are forced to live in a segregated parts of the city, the neighborhood becomes a "ghetto."
Ethnic Cleansing and Genocide Cleansing involves the effort to rid a country or region of everyone of a particular ethnicity either through forced migration or genocide. Genocide is a premeditated effort to kill everyone from a particular ethnic group.
Apartheid System The physical separation of different races into different geographic areas.
Balkanization The process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities, as a threat to peace throughout the world, not just a small area.
Balkanized Describes a small geographic area that could not successfully be organized into one or more stable states because it was inhabited by many ethnicities with complex, long-standing antagonisms toward each other.
Blockbusting A process by which real estate agents convince white property owners to sell their houses at low prices because of fear that black families will soon move into the neighborhood.
Centripetal force An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state.
Ethnicity Identity with a group of people who share the cultural traditions of a particular homeland or hearth.
Ethnic Cleansing Process in which a more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region.
Multi-ethnic state A state that contains more than one ethnicity.
Multinational state Contains two ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.
Nationalism Loyalty and devotion to a nationality.
Nationality Identity with a group of people who share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular country.
Nation-state A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
Race Identity with a group of people who share a biological ancestor.
Racism Which is the belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race.
Racist A person who subscribes to the beliefs of racism.
Self-Determination The concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves.
Sharecropper Works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.
Triangular slave trade A practice, primarily during the eighteenth century, in which European ships transported slaves from Africa to Caribbean Islands, molasses from the Caribbean to Europe, and trade goods from Europe to Africa.
Created by: kywriter