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APHGTerms-Chap. 7

TermDefinition
Diaspora Experiences of people who came from a common ethnic background but live in different regions or ethnic backgrounds.
Ethnicity Refers to a group of people that share a common identity relating to physical characteristics and perceived social and cultural identity.
Ethnic Provinces When entire regions become associated with ethnic or racial aggregations.
Ethnic Islands Small, rural areas settled by a single ethnic group as opposed to ethnic neighborhoods or enclaves, which are urban.
Charter Group The first ethnic group to establish cultural norms in an area.
Syncretism The development of a new cultural trait as a result of the fusion of two distinct but interactive cultures.
Ethnic Enclaves A relatively small area occupied by a distinct culture or ethnicity which largely results from chain migration.
Social Distance The measure of the perceived differences between an immigrant's ethnic group and charter or host society.
Ethnic Neighborhoods Concentrations of people from the same ethnicity in certain pockets of the city.
Ethnic Cleansing and Genocide The effort to rid a country or region of everyone of a particular ethnicity either through forced migration or genocide is ethnic cleansing. Ethnic genocide is a premeditated effort to kill everyone of a particular ethnic group.
Apatheid The physical separation of different races into different geographic nations .
Balkanization The process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities.
Balkanized A word that was used to describe a small geographic area that could not successfully be organized into one or more stable states because it was inhabited by many ethnicites with complex and long standing antagonisms toward each other.
Blockbusting The process in which real estate owners convince white homeowners living near a black area to sell their house for a low price and then selling that house to black people escaping crowded ghettos for a high price.
Centripetal Force An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state.
Multi- Ethnic State A state that contains more than one ethnicity.
Multinational State A state that contains two ethnic groups with traditions of self determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing as distinct nationalities.
Nationalism Strong sense of loyalty and devotion to a nationality.
Nationality An identity of a person relating to a group of people who share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular country.
Nation-State A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
Race An identity of a person relating to a group of people who share a biological ancestor.
Racism The belief that race is primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority of a particular race.
Racist A person who subscribes to the beliefs of racism.
Self-Determination The concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves.
Sharecropper A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent by giving a share of crops grown from that land to the owner.
Triangular Slave Trade An efficient triangular trading pattern developed in the 18th century by European countries that traded goods to buy slaves in Africa and traded them with America (mainly the Caribbean) for sugar and molasses.
Created by: 10027098
 

 



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