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Chapter 7

TermDefinition
Ethnicity Refers to a group of people who share a common identity. Involves more than physical characteristics associated with race; also includes a person perceived social and cultural identity.
Ethnic Provinces When entire region becomes associated with ethnic or racial aggregations.
Diaspora Experiences of people who come from a common ethnic background but live in different regions or ethnic neighborhoods. Usually illustrates itself through music, food, or religious traditions.
Ethnic Islands Small, rural areas settled by a single ethnic group as opposed to ethnic neighborhoods or enclaves, which are urban. Leaves their imprint in rural areas through housing, barn style, and farmstead layouts.
Charter Group The first ethnic group to establish cultural norms in an area. Something called the "first effective settlement: or "first self-perpetuating society," whose imprint affects modern cultural geography of an area.
Syncretism The development of a new cultural trait as a result of the fusion of the two different cultures. Certain changes happen so the newly formed culture can be appealing to receiving society.
Ethnic Enclaves A relatively small area occupied by a distant culture or ethnicity, which largely result from chain migration.
Social Distance Measure of the perceived difference between an immigrant ethnic group and the charter or host society. When distance is high, ethnic neighborhoods or enclaves exist for much longer than when it is low.
Ethnic Neighborhoods Concentrations of people form the same ethnicity. Usually occurs when chain migration takes place. When forced, it becomes a ghetto. Ghettos exist in the least desirable area within a city.
Ethnic Cleansing and Genocide Involves the effort to rid a country or region of everyone of a particular ethnicity either through forced migration or genocide. Genocide is a premeditated to kill everyone from a particular ethnic group.
Apartheid The physical separation of different races into different geographic areas.
Balkanization The process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among it's ethnicity, as a threat to peace throughout the world, not just small areas.
Balkanized A small geographic area that could not successfully be organized into one or more stable states because it was inhabited with many cultures.
Blockbusting Real estate agents convince white homeowners living near a black area to sell their houses at low prices, preying on their fears that black families would soon move into the neighborhood and cause property values to decline.
Centripetal Force An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state.
Ethnicity Identity with a group of people who also share the cultural traditions of a particular homeland or hearth.
Ethnic Cleansing A process in which a more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region.
Multi-ethnic States A state that contain more than one ethnicity.
Multinational State Contains tow ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities.
Nationalism Loyalty and devotion to a nationality.
Nationality Identity with a group of people who share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular country.
Nation-state A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
Race Identity with a group of people that share a common biological ancestor.
Racism The belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits an capacities and that racial difference produce and inherent superiority of a particular race.
Racist A person who subscribes to the beliefs of racism.
Self-Determination The concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves.
Sharecropper Works fields rented from a landlord and pays the rend by turning over a share of the crops landlord.
Triangular slave trade An efficient triangular trading path.
Created by: 00033483
 

 



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