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World History Sem I

Sem I Review

TermDefinition
Artifact human-made objects
origin the beginning
Cultural Diffusion spreading of ideas or products from one group to another
Agricultural using the land to provide food - less nomadic
domestication training of animals to use for agriculture or to eat
economic having to do with $ of a group of people
social having to do with the interactions of a group of people
political having to do with the government of a group of people
specialization development of a specific type of work
scribe specialized worker who kept written records
cunieform earliest form of writing
Mesopotamia river valley, in modern Iraq, that was the birth of civilization
civilization know the 5 parts
polis city-state in ancient Greece. City & country that was the basic unit of gov't
monarchy control of country by a ruling family (king & queen)
aristocracy rule by a small number of elite land owning families
oligarchy rule by a small group, usually through a government take over
tyrant powerful individuals who seize power and look the commoners for support
democracy rule by the people through elections
direct democracy system in which people directly vote on every bill
triumvirate group of 3 leaders
pax romana 27BC to 180 AD - Time of Roman Peace
Christianity Followers of Jesus and the Bible
Messiah "chosen one" - Christians believe Jesus to be the chosen one
pope head of the Catholic Church in Rome
aqueduct arches that supported a system of water movement into cities
Assyrian Empire see notes
Persian Empire see notes
Judaism see notes
Torah Holy Text in Judaism - Old Testament of Bible
Abraham Made covenant with God to follow him in exchange for protection
Monotheism belief in one God
Polytheism belief in multiple Gods
Israel Sacred homeland of the Hebrews (Jews)
Patriarchal $, land, and title handed down through the father
Matriarchal $, land, and title handed down through the mother
Hinduism see notes
Buddhism see notes
Reincarnation Being born again, major belief of Hindus
Karma soul's good or bad deeds - follows from one reincarnation to the next
Jainism Everything has a universal soul and should not be harmed
Enlightenment wisdom, known to few. Buddhism
Nirvana must follow 8fold path to reach this release from selfishness - Buddhism
Han Dynasty see notes
Brahma Hindu God - creator
Vishnu Hindu God - preserver
Shiva Hindu God - destroyer
Silk Roads Travel paths between Asia, Europe, and Africa. Spread religion, promoted migration, increased trade, and led to conflict.
Filial Piety respect by children towards their parents and ancestors
Daoism a universal force at work in humans - how to live in harmony with nature
Confucius preached social order & harmony based on good relationships. education and filial piety important
Yin & Yang natural rhythm of life
Qin Dynasty See notes
Sahara African Desert
Migration The movement of people from one place to another.
Push-Pull Factors factors pushing a group of people to migrate (natural disaster) or pulling them to move (trade opportunities)
Hunter / Gather Groups who follow their sources of food (hunter) and eat available plants (gatherer)
Mesoamerica south from central america to northern Hondorus
Olmec Mesoamerica's first known civilization in 1200BC
Allah Muslim God
Muhammad Prophet in Islam
Islam Practice of 5 pillars - consult notes
Muslim One who practices Islam
Mosque Holy place for worship for Muslims
Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca at least once for Muslims
Qur'an / Koran Muslim Holy Book
Shari'a Law strict Muslim law
Caliph Muslim successor
Shi'ites / Shi'a 15% of Muslim population - more conservative group
Sunni 85% of Muslim population - less conservative group
Baghdad Home to the Abbasids, Muslim group, good for trade.
Created by: eprobst