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Chapter 12 East Asia

Empires: Tang/Song, Mongols, Japan & Korea

TermDefinition
Tang Taizong Tang emperor whose armies reconquered the northern & western lands lost since the Han Dynasty.
Wu Zhao empress who ruled in place of weak emperors, and in 690 took title of emperor and influenced Korea
movable type blocks of individual characters arranged in frames that could be rearranged for printing pages over and over
gentry upper-class group of scholar officials who attained their status through education and civil service exams
pastoralist nomads who domesticated animals
clans kinship groups of the steppe nomads who shared a common ancestor
Kublai Khan grandson of Genghis Khan who conquered the last remnant of Southern China and founded the Yuan Dynasty which united China for the first time in 300 years. His rule opened China up to trade and foreign contact
Marco Polo Venetian trader who traveled to China, served in the court of Kublai Khan, and returned to tell Europeans of the great wealth and wonders of Chinese civilization
Shinto Japan's earliest religion that was based on respect for the forces of nature and worship of ancestors
samurai warriors who acted as loyal bodyguards to local lords
Bushido code of conduct for Samurai that stressed courage, reverence for the gods, fairness and generosity to those weaker, and the superiority of an honorable death over a long life
shogun title given to the supreme commanders of the imperial armies, with the power of a military dictator
Khmer Empire the main power in Southeast Asian mainland in modern-day Cambodia that ruled from 800 - 1200 AD
Angkor Wat large city-temple complex built in the capital of the Khmer Empire in honor of the Hindu god Vishnu
Koryu Dynasty Korean dynasty established by Wang Kon, borrowing Chinese ideals to rule for 4 1/2 centuries
Created by: wm0397