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Nursing Arts

Vital Signs Terminology - Blood Pressure Terms

Arrhythmia Abnormal heart rhythm
Arteriosclerosis Hardening, thickening and loss of elasticity (narrowing) of the arterial wall
Atherosclerosis Narrowing of the arterial lumen caused by deposits of fatty plaques along the internal wall of the artery
Blood Pressure Force exerted by the blood against the vessel wall
Blood Volume Total amount of circulating blood
Cardiac Output Amount of blood ejected from the heart per minute
Diastolic Pressure Lowest pressure against wall of the artery, during relaxation of the ventricle of the heart
Essential Hypertension Elevated blood pressure (in hypertensive range) without known cause
Hypertension Diastolic measurement over 90 mm
Hypotension Blood pressure lower than the normal range- 80 mm systolic is necessary for renal perfusion
Korotkoff Sounds Sounds or beats heard through the stethoscope while cuff is being deflated. First sound heard represents systolic, last sound heard represents diastolic
Intermittent Hypertension Blood pressure elevates a small amount over the normal range, from time to time, without cause. Patient should be watched for development of hypertensive sysmtoms
Malignant Hypertension Progressive hypertension which produces severe symptoms and has a poor prognosis if left untreated
Meniscus Curved surface at the top of column of liquid in a tube
Palpatory Blood Pressure Method of obtaining BP whereby brachial or radial artery is palpated while deflating the BP cuff
Peripheral Resistance Opposing force of the vessel against the blood; pertaining to the health and elasticity of the vessel.
Sphygmomanometer Instrument used for measurement of arterial blood pressure
Stethoscope Instrument used for auscultation of Korotkoff sounds
Stroke Volume Amount of blood ejected from heart per contraction
Systolic Represents pressure exerted on arteries during heart contraction (when at its highest).
Viscosity Thickness of blood; ease with which blood flows through the vessel.
Created by: wenchie040