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Medical Terminology

Chapter One

arthr/o joint
gastr/o stomach
opthalm/o eye
ot/o ear
rhin/o nose
hepat/o liver
algia pain
-tomy cutting
-scope instrument to view
-logy study of
-plasty surgically forming, repair
-itis inflammation
-icle, -ole, -ule small, tiny
-is structure, thing
-um structure, thing, membrane
-y condition, process of
-ac, -al, -ar, -ary, -eal, -ic, -ous pertaining to
-cele herniation
-dynia pain
-emia blood condition
-ia condition
-malacia softening
-oma tumor, mass
-osis abnormal condition
-pathy disease process
-ptosis prolapse, drooping
-rrhage bursting forth
-rrhea discharge, flow
-rrhexis rupture
-sclerosis condition of hardening
-stenosis condition of narrowing
-centesis surgical puncture
-desis binding
-ectomy cutting out
-graphy recording
-metry measuring
-opsy viewing
-pexy suspension, fixation
-rrhaphy suturing
-scopy viewing
-stomy making a new opening
-tomy cutting
-tripsy crushing
-graph record
-meter measure
-scope view
-tome cut
-tripter, -trite crush
a-, an- no, not, without
ante- forward, in front of
anti- against
dys- abnormal, difficult
endo-, end- within
epi- above, upon
hyper- excessive, above
hypo- below, defficient
inter- between
intra- within
neo- new
par-, para- near, beside
per- through
peri- surrounding, around
poly- many, much, excessive
post- after, behind
pre- before, in front of
sub- under, below
trans- through, across
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
bacteri/o bacteria
bi/o living, life
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
cervic/o neck
chondr/o cartilage
col/o large intestine, colon
coron/o crown, heart
cut/o, cutane/o skin
cyst/o bladder, sac
dent/i tooth
derm/o skin
duoden/o duodenum
electr/o electricity
enter/o small intestine
esophag/o esophagus
gastr/o stomach
gloss/o tongue
glyc/o glucose, sugar
hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
hyster/o uterus
lingu/o tongue
lipid/o fat, lipid
lith/o stone
mamm/o breast
muscul/o, my/o muscle
nat/o birth, born
neur/o nerve
oste/o bone
ot/o ear
path/o disease
ped/o child
phil/o attraction
pne/o breathing
psych/o mind
rhin/o nose
somn/o sleep
spir/o spleen
therm/o heat, temperature
tonsil/o tonsil
trache/o trachea, windpipe
troph/o nourishment, development
urethr/o urethra
valvul/o valve
ven/o vein
vers/o turning
vertebr/o backbone, vertebra
Created by: daytonacollege