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Five Pillars Five duties that demonstrate a Muslims submission to the will of god; (Faith, prayer, alms, fasting, pilgrimage (hajj) to Mecca).
Makkah The holiest of Islamic cities, located in Arabia. All prayers are completed while facing east towards Makkah.
Shari-ah A set of laws created by Muslim scholars hat apply to daily life. There is no separation from religious and civil law.
Justinian Most famous Byzantine ruler. He tried to reunite the lands of the once strong Roman empire. He made many laws that are still used today.
Hajj A pilgrimage to Mecca; every Muslim must make this journey at least once.
Chinggiskhan A Mongol leader who united Mongol tribes and began attacking neighboring peoples beyond Mongolia, including northern China.
Sultan The ruler of a Muslim country (especially of the former Ottoman Empire)
Muslim A believer or follower of Islam
Justinian code A code of law hat standardized laws in the Byzantine Empire and dealt with marriage, property rights, slavery, crime, and women's rights
Roman Catholic Church The western church after its division; directed by the Pope
Ostrogoth A member of the eastern group of Goths who created a kingdom in northern Italy around 500 AD
Constantinople The largest city and former capital of Turkey; rebuilt on the site of ancient Byzantium by Constantine I in the fourth century; renamed Constantinople by Constantine who made it the capital of the Byzantine Empire; now seat of the Eastern Orthodox Church
Orthodox Church Eastern part of the Christian Church headed by a patriarch
Marco Polo An explorer who traveled from Persia to China on the Silk Road, and wrote a book about it
Mosques A place of worship for Muslim men. Women worship at home
Theodora Empress married to Justinian, co-ruler and valuable advisor
Sunni Branch of Islam, largest of the two, whose members believe Ali and his descendants are the rightful successors of Muhammad
Quran Quran is a Holy Book that contains revelations from God to Muhammad. The Muslims Holy Book.
Schism A split caused by a difference of opinion about religious ideas
Shia One of the two main branches of Orthodox Islam; mainly in Iran
Mongols Nomadic herders who conquered a vast empire stretching from China to Poland
Islam A religion whose believers (Muslims) follow the teachings of Allah (God) as given to the Prophet Muhammad more than a thousand years ago.
Muhammad The Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)
Created by: 83celbak