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# APHG Chapter 5 and 2

### Identity; and Nature and Perspectives

Anglocentric Focused on the English culture
Azimuthal Prijection Map that Maintains directions but distorts other properties; flat-plane of each hemisphere
Cartogram Map that uses proportionality to show a particular variable
Cartography Process of mapmaking
Choropleth thematic map Map that shows a pattern of a variable, such as population density or voting patterns
Cognitive map Map drawn from memory
Conformal or orthomorphic projection Map that maintains shape but distorts other properties
Cultural ecology Study of Human-environment interaction
Data aggregation Size of geographic units being represented on a map
distortion Necessary error resulting form trying to represent the round, nearly spherical earth on a flat plane or map
equal-area projection map that maintains area but distorts other properties
equidistant projection Map that maintains distance but distorts other properties.
Formal region Region composed of areas that have a common or uniform cultural or physical feature; sometimes referred to as uniform regions
Four main properties of a map Shape, size(area), distance, and direction
Friction Distance Degree to which distance interferes with some interaction
Functional region Group of places linked together by some function's influence on them after diffusing form a central node; sometimes refereed to as a nodal region.
Great circles Circles formed on the surface of the earth by a plane that passes through the center of the earth. the equator and every line of longitude pared with its twin on the opposite side of the earth form these
Isoline thematic map Map displaying lines that connect points of equal value; for example, a map showing elevation levels
Mercator projection Map showing the shapes of the continents and landforms accurately but drastically distorting the size(area) of the continents. maps that show Greenland of equal size to Africa
Node Place form which a diffusing phenomenon spreads to other places; originating point
Perceptual or vernacular region Region whose boundaries are determined by people's beliefs, not a scientifically measurable process
Gall-Peters projection Map created by a geographer to show the relative sizes of the earth's continents accurately. Distorts shape so it is not conformal
Physical geography Branch of geography concerned with spatial analysis of the structures, processes, and locations of the earth's natural phenomena, like soil, climate, plants, and topography
Place Theme in geography that involves the unique combination of physical and cultural attributes that give each location on the earth its individual "stamp"
Primary data Data directly collected by the geographer making the map or conduction the study
Proporitonal-symbol thematic map Map that uses some symbol to display the frequency of a variable. The larger the symbol on the map, the higher the frequency of the variable found on the map
Reference map Map showing common features like boundaries, roads, highways,mountains, and cities.
Region Theme in geography involving a spatial unit that has many places sharing similar characteristics
Relative directions Directions commonly given by people, such as right, left, up, and down, among many others
Relative location Location of a place or object described in relation to places or objects around it.
Remote sensing Technique of obtaining information about objects through the study of data collected by special instruments that are not in physical contact with the objects being analyzed
Robinson projection Map showing the world with slight distorts to all four properties, rather than having one property correct and the other three drastically distorted
Secondary data Data used by a geographer but collected by another source that previously conducted a study and made the data available for future use
Sense of place Person's perception of the human and physical attributes of a location that give it a unique identity in that person's mind
Site Internal physical and cultural characteristics of a place, such as its terrain and dominant religions, among others.
Nimby Not in my back yard
Most common city structure Linear
Range Distance people will travel to get goods or services
Biome Large area of a particular vegetation or species
Permafrost Ground always frozen
staple crops easiest to store- grass, seeds, roots
Moraine Glacial Valley
Docane Dry sinkhole
Skree Bare rock above tree line on a mountain
GDP Gross domestic product-what a country makes in one year
Cartogram type of map that does not include actual size
Net migration difference between the in migration and out migration of a particular country in one year
Potable Safe to drink
Created by: s4stevos

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