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7th - Ancient Greece

Chapter 11

QuestionAnswer
Which physical feature provided the people of Greece with the following... trade routes, fish to eat and trade, and a way to connect places that weren't easily reached over land? seas
Which item from this list was not invented in China? wheelbarrow, silk, Buddhism, paper Buddhism
Which direction did the Bantu people migrate from their homeland? southeast
Was Greek religion polytheistic or monotheistic? polytheistic
Which modern-day country was Mesopotamia located in? Iraq
The Egyptians worshiped many gods so their religion was _______. polytheistic
In Greece, the ________ were people who were descended from noble ancestors. aristocracy
seasonal winds that shape the climate of the Indian subcontinent monsoons
the religion that was started by Siddhartha Gautama and is still practiced in many Asian nations today Buddhism
India's modern religion that developed out of Brahmanism Hinduism
a social class in India that is based on a person's job caste
Ancient Greece used a ________ democracy and the US uses a ________ democracy direct; indirect
Sparta and Athens fought together against the ________. Persians
Why did the people of China have little interaction with other civilizations early in their history? physical barriers
The Spartans forced the people that they defeated to become slaves called ________. helots
Which process allowed the Egyptians to grow crops in land that would otherwise have been desert? irrigation
An ________ connects the Peloponnesus to the rest of Greece. isthmus
Which rivers surround Mesopotamia? Tigris and Euphrates
To the Greeks, a ________ was a person with the right to take part in ruling the city-state. citizen
The idea of ________ was one of the most important advancements in math that was developed in India. zero
a set of written rules code of law
a collection of many people and lands under the control of one ruler empire
acceptance of beliefs, habits, and practices of others toleration
A blind man named Homer composed many of the most famous ________ in Ancient Greece. epic poems
The Greeks believed that the 12 major gods and goddesses lived on ________. Mount Olympus
In Greek, the word for city-state was ________. polis
A storyteller named Aesop is credited with writing many Greek ________ that used animals to teach moral lessons. fables
a political unit that includes a city and it's surrounding farmland city-state
human society with an advanced level of development in social and political organization and in the arts and sciences civilization
a person who specializes in writing and serves as a record keeper scribe
a belief in many gods or goddesses polytheism
fertile soil deposited by a river silt
Because mountains divided Greece into many small regions, the ________ was the basic form of government. city-state
an account of a historical event that was created by someone who witnessed the event primary source
an account of a historical event that was created by someone who did not witness the event secondary source
0 degrees longitude Prime Meridian
0 degrees latitude Equator
a land area with its own distinct government and culture country
one of the 7 largest landmasses on Earth continent
the vertical lines on a map that measure distances east and west of the Prime Meridian longitude
the horizontal lines on a map that measure distances north and south of the Equator latitude
a human-made object with historical significance artifact
the remains of early life that has been preserved fossil
a group of years with some distinctive feature(s) in common age, era, epoch
half of a globe or sphere hemisphere
________ is a government in which citizens make political decisions democracy
the ancient Chinese philosophy that stresses respect and proper relationships in a society Confucianism
a group of west-African people that slowly migrated south and east, bringing their language and methods of farming and herding to new regions Bantu
the spread of ethnic ideas and customs to other parts of the world cultural diffusion
a king of ancient Egypt; the title means "great house" pharaoh
favorable for the growth of crops fertile
involving the continents of Europe and Asia trans-Eurasian
Which group of people played a key role in overthrowing the oligarchy in Greece, paving the way for democracy? tyrants
What is the name for the shift from food gathering to food raising? Agricultural Revolution
At age seven, Spartan boys moved into military houses called ________. barracks
The Greeks created ________ to explain the creation of the world and of human beings myths
Who are the earliest known people to have lived in the Indus Valley? Harappan Civilization
The mainland of Greece is a ________ that sticks out into the Mediterranean Sea. peninsula
In Greece, a ________ was someone who took power in an illegal way tyrant
Where did civilization first develop in China? North China Plain
What were the requirements to be considered a citizen in ancient Greece? free, adult, male
a skill in one type of work specialization
the watering of crops irrigation
group of people with similar customs, training, income, and backgrounds social class
an amount produced in excess of what is needed surplus
the cultivation of soil to produce useful crops agriculture
In an ________, people rule because of wealth and land ownership and not based on social class oligarchy
The Greek alphabet developed out of one that they picked up from the ________ between 900 and 800 BC Phoenicians
The ________ were held every 4 years as a part of a festival honoring Zeus Olympics
Created by: mrsdyer316