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World History

"Enlightenment" Topic 7

TermDefinition
Scientific Revolution Time where science and reason was used to prove or disprove new ideas about the world
Thomas Hobbes Wrote the Leviathan where he argued that people were naturally cruel, selfish, and greedy
John Locke Philosopher who had an optimistic view of human nature in which people were basically reasonable and moral
Natural Rights Rights that belong to all humans from birth such as life, liberty, and property
Montesquieu Studied government and came up with the idea of separation of power or the "three branches of government"
Voltaire Targeted corrupt government officials and promoted the idea of freedom of speech
Diderot Produced a 28 volume set of books called the Encyclopedia where he outlined government, philosophy, and religion.
Rousseau Wrote the Social Contract where he explained that people were morally good but were also corrupted by an unjust system of government and way of life
Laissez Faire Policy allowing business to operate with little or no government interference
Adam Smith Wrote the Wealth of Nations wher ehe argued that the free market should be allowed to regulate business activity.
Censorship Restriction on access to ideas and information
Salons Informal social gathering at which writers, artists, philosophers, and others exchanged ideas
Frederick the Great Implemented some reforms during his rule of Prussia such as reducing the use of torture and allowing free press. He also tolerated different religions
Catherine the Great Believed in the Enlightenment ideas of equality and liberty. She brought religious tolerance to Russia while still holding supreme power of the land.
Baroque Ornate style of art and architecture popular in the 1600s and 1700s
Rococo Personal and elegant style of architecture made popular during the mid-1700s that featured designs with shapes of leaves, shells, and flowers
Created by: Mr. Peirce