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Chapter 27

Exercise and Activity

Abduction moving body part away from body
Adduction moving body part towards your body
Ambulation act of walking
Atrophy decrease in size (shrink), wasting away of tissue
Contracture lack of joint mobility, caused by normal shortening of muscle
Deconditioning loss of muscle strength from inactivity
Dorsiflexion bending toes and foot up at ankle
Extension straightening a body part
External rotation turning joint outward
Flexion bending a body part
Footdrop the foot falls down at the ankle: permanent plantar flexion
Hyperextension excessive straightening of a body part
Internal rotation turning the joint inward
Orthostatic hypotension abnormally low blood pressure, when the person suddenly stands up: postural hypo tension
Plantar flexion the foot in bent , bending the foot down at the ankle
Postural hypotension orthostatic hypotension
Pronation turning the joint downward
Range of motion movement of a joint to the extent possible without causing pain
Rotation turning the joint
Supination turning the joint upward
Syncope a brief loss of consciousness, fainting
Created by: tdelcin