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Enlightenment

Enlightenment Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
An intellectual movement that applied the scientific method to the study of human society The Enlightenment
Where the Enlightenment was centered Europe
Philosophes Intellectuals of the Enlightenment
Personal freedoms people have because they exist that allow people to enjoy liberty Natural Rights
Believed people are naturally bad and must have a ruler Thomas Hobbes
People agree to give up some of their freedoms in exchange for the government's protection Social Contract
Believed people are reasonable and able to rule themselves John Locke
Hobbes said society would become this without government control Chaotic
Wrote the Two Treatises on Government John Locke
Philosophe who wanted separation of powers and checks and balances Montesquieu
Branch of US government that makes laws Legislative Branch
Branch of US government that enforces laws Executive Branch
Branch of US government that interprets laws Judicial Branch
Happens when Power is divided among several branches of government Separation of Powers
Philosophe who believed that all people should have the freedoms of thought, religion, speech and expression Voltaire
Philosophe who stated “I may disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.” Voltaire
Philosophe who stated that the government should benefit the majority of the people and should follow the general will of the people Jean Jacques Rousseau
Philosophe who championed women's rights; partially blamed women for their loss of rights Mary Wollestonecraft
Author of the book: A Vindication on the Rights of Women Mary Wollestonecraft
Scottish economist who used reason to analyze the economy and was a big believer in laissez-faire economics Adam Smith
Author of the book: The Wealth of Nations Adam Smith
Laissez- faire economics are free from what regulation Government
Monarchs who were heavily influenced by the Enlightenment and tried to do what was best for their citizens Enlightened Despots
Two Enlightened Despots Catherine the Great of Russia Frederick the Great of Prussia
intellectually stimulating gatherings held by wealthy Parisian women in their homes where philosophers, artists, writers and scientists would meet and share ideas Salons
Created by: argrant1215