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Chapter 1

Archaeology, Geography and History

history the study of the past
culture the knowledge, beliefs, customs and values of a group of people.
archaeology the study of the past based on what people left behind
fossil a part, imprint or bone of a once living thing.
artifacts objects created and used by humans
primary source an account by a witness of an event
secondary source information gathered by someone who did not take part in or witness the event.
primary source example videos, diaries, laws and photos
secondary source example textbooks, journal articles and encyclopedias
Geography the study of the earth's physical and cultural features
landforms the natural features of the land's surface.
climate the pattern of weather conditions in a certain area over a long period of time
BC Before Christ
AD Anno Domini "in the year of our lord"
BCE Before common Era
CE common era
environment includes all living and nonliving things that affect life in an area
region an area with one or more features that make it different from surrounding areas.
resources materials found in the earth that people need and value
circa about
AD- another way of saying this date CE
BC- another way of saying this date BCE
values ideas that people hold dearly
Created by: s110h