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Renaissance & Reformation Cards Chapter 1 Sections 1-4 dkl14

Henry VIII king who broke away from the Catholic Church because he thought the Pope had too much power; the Pope refused to annul his marriage so formed the Anglican Church instead
Realism portrayed in Renaissance art and literature; works were realistic and accurate and everyone could relate to them (like Shakespeare's plays)
Michelangelo Renaissance man; very talented and skilled; painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and sculpted the David and the Pieta statues from marble
Humanism intellectual movement; focused on education and studying the classics of the Greeks and Romans; placed emphasis on life here on Earth
Medicis wealthy family who were financial supporters of the arts
Doctrines teachings Example: Luther preached new teachings for Protestants to questions the Catholic Church
Leonardo da Vinci Renaissance man; very talented and skilled; painted The Last Supper and the Mona Lisa
Indulgences forgiveness of sins sold by the Catholic Church; Luther preached against this practice
Johann Gutenberg invented the printing press which led to the spread of ideas and increased literacy rates
Perspective artistic technique; helped artists show distant objects on flat surfaces the way the eye actually sees them; used converging lines
95 Theses created by Martin Luther; arguments against the Church; nailed it to the Church door to start the Reformation
Vernacular everyday language of a group of people; Example: your vernacular is English, but if you lived in Germany it would be German This was important because books like the Bible could finally be read by the people on their own.
Patron wealthy people who supported the arts with their money Example: the Medicis and the Catholic Church paid for great works of art to be created.
Renaissance French word that means "rebirth" Time of great change in art and learning---began in Italy and spread throughout Europe
William Shakespeare Renaissance playwright; wrote Romeo & Juliet, plus other works that people enjoyed no matter what their social status was because he wrote about things that everyone could relate to and understand.
Why is the Renaissance relevant today? We still place emphasis on human potential and learning.
Where did patrons gain their wealth from? trade
What was the outcome of the Catholic Counter Reformation church abuses decreased and a majority of Christians remained or converted back to being Catholic
Why is the Protestant Reformation a turning point in history? Because people finally spoke out against the status quo and branched out into many new religious sects which gave options to Christians who disagreed with the Catholic Church, but wanted to remain Christian
How are the Renaissance and the Reformation similar? they were sparked by a questioning attitude that didn't exist before (people were curious)
What caused Luther to start the Reformation? The sale of indulgences by the Church which he deemed wrong
Created by: 673398559