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Polsci140 umich exam

Ron Inglehart final exam study guitde

TermDefinition
Role of the German state (Lander) select members of the bundesrat (upper chamber) to represent state interests. each state gets a number proportional to its size.
dual transition under yeltsin both economic and political change from command to market and communism to democracy. not quite successful. continuation of what gorbachev did.
scheduled castes certain amount of seats in indian parliament are set aside for lower castes
peace clause/ article 9 in Japan japan can't have more army than needed for self defense
dominant party system over time, one party happened to hold onto power the most through elections
single party regime authoritarian, forced party that continually runs to win
politburo highest body in the chinese communist party. does policy making. more executive than legislative, close friends of the leader.
electoral engineering when not illegal is gerrymandering and malapportionment. when illegal is electoral fraud. used in japan and russia.
import substitution industrialization replacing foreign imports with domestic products
(TVE) town and village enterprise more market orientated, under review of local govt, not state owned.
state owned enterprise india, mexico, russia, for tv, china
planned economy when the govt plans what will be produces. less reliance on price system and supply and demand.
clientelism long term relationship between voter and politician.
patronage one time interaction, usually offering a job or other state resources to the voter rather than money or goods.
People's liberation army the chinese army. reports to the party not to the state.
council of guardians supports the supreme leader and makes sure that the law in the country are in accordance to islamic law. (in Iran)
cross cutting cleavages, give examples - hinduism in india cross cuts upper and lower castes, - sense of nationalism - gender and religion
thatcherism privatization of companies and govt services, tough with unions
German first ballot is individual (SMD)
German second ballot is party (PR)
economic protectionism protecting against the influence of foreign goods
president of iran hassan rouhani
president of china xi jinping
president of germany joachim gauck
prime minister in china li keqiang
prime minister in india narendra modi
president in india pranab mukherjee
ruling coalition in germany christian democrats
ruling coalition in japan liberal democratic party
ruling coalition in mexico PRI Partido revolucionario institucional
ruling party in india bharatiya janata party
ruling party in iran moderation and development party
ruling party in russia united russia
electoral threshold a party can only get representation in PR if it gains at least 5 % of the vote or 3 direct seats in SMD (in Germany)
Third Reich hitler's fascist happy time
Weimar Republic the crappy democracy in germany after ww1 lasting till hitler took over and ww2
reunification of germany 1990 east and west germany made back into one.
meiji restoration restored the emperor in japan, made japan into a modernized nation
economic liberalization lessening govt regulation in economy
nomenklatura communist bureaucracy in USSR
leninist vanguard party most informed members of the working class mobilize to lead their fellow, less-informed members of the population to understand the party and get involved in politics
great purges under stalin 1934-1940. killing opposition or sending them to siberia gulags.
economic protectionism restricting trade between states through tariffs and other gov regulations
oligarch rich businessman with a lot of political influence, oligarchy is small group of people in power in a political system
soviet "era of stagnation" started with brezhnev
maoism central idea permanent revolution and stressing the importance of the peasantry, of small-scale industry, and of agricultural collectivization
deng's southern tour
CCP chinese communist party
national people's congress china's legislature, involves the central committee
great leap forward simultaneous development of industry and agriculture, increase in size of collective farms,
cultural revolution
confucianism ordered hierarchy of harmonious relationships
long march 1934 nationalist offensive pushed commies into retreat to the caves of yanan in chinese NW where mao built the idea of rural revolution
duverger's law a principle that asserts that plurality rule elections structured within single-member districts tend to favor a two-party system.
median voter theorem a majority rule voting system will select the outcome most preferred by the median voter
Created by: paulina.knoblock