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World History Review

World History Midterm Review Chapters 1-11

TermDefinition
Geography The study of people, their environments, and the resources available to them.
Archaeology The study of the ways of life of early peoples through examination of their physical remains.
Artifact Object made by people.
Old Stone Age The earliest period of human history.
Nomad Person who moves from place to place in search of food.
Glacier A huge sheet of ice.
City-State A political unit consisting of a city and its surrounding land.
Cultural Diffusion The spread of ideas, customs, and technology from one people to another.
Neolithic Revolution The change from hunting and gathering to farming.
Delta Triangular area of marshland formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of some rivers.
Mummification The preservation of the dead.
Ziggurat A pyramid-shaped temple built by the Sumerians.
Satrap Governor of a province of the Persian empire.
Monotheistic Teaching a belief in one God.
Hatshepsut Egyptian queen wh encouraged trade with lands along the eastern Mediterranean.
Ramses II Pharaoh who spread Egyptian rule northward to Syria and conquered Nubia.
Hammurabi Ruler who published a code of laws to help unite Babylonia.
Nebuchadnezzer King who encouraged Babylonian learning.
Darius Ruler who united the Persian empire.
Subcontinent Large landmass that juts out from a continent.
Caste Social group into which people are born and from which they cannot change.
Rajah Aryan tribal chief.
Loess Fine, windblown yellow soil.
Clan A group of families who claim a common ancestor.
Ideograph Sigh that expresses a thought or idea.
Feudalism System of government in which local lords governed their own lands but owed military service and other kinds of support to the ruler.
Indus and Ganges River What two bodies of water influenced early Indian civilization.
Occupation The Aryans divided people into classes by blank.
Shiva Hindu god known as the Destroyer.
Siddhartha Gautama The "Enlightened One" who founded Buddhism.
Chandragupta Maurya Ruler who established the first great Indian empire.
Asoka Maurya emperor who paved the way for the spread of Buddhism throughout Asia.
Confusius Chinese philosopher who believed that people were naturally good.
Hanfeizi Chinese philosopher who taught that "the nature of man is evil."
Shi Huangdi Emperor who united China and built the Great Wall.
Liv Bang Emperor who founded the Han dynasty.
Non-violence Both Hindus and Buddhists believe in.
Guptas The golden age of India took place during the rule of the blank.
Strait Narrow water passage.
Monarchy Government in which a king or queen exercises central power.
Aristocracy Rule by a landholding elite.
Democracy Government by the people.
Rhetoric Art of skillful speaking.
Homer Blind poet credited with creating the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Solon Leader of Athens who introduced social, political, and economic reforms.
Pericles Statesman who established direct democracy in Athens.
Socrates Philosopher who examined beliefs and ideas through critical questioning.
Hippocrates Physician whose oath set ethical standards for doctors.
Many small city-states The geography of Greece helped create what kind of governments.
Hannibal Leader of Carthaginian army who crossed the Alps to invade Italy.
Julius Caesar General who brought Gaul under Roman control.
Augustus First ruler of the Roman empire.
Virgil Author of the Roman epic poem, the Aeneid.
Ptolemy Astronomer who theorized that the Earth was the center of the universe.
Jesus Central figure in Christianity.
Paul Jewish convert who spread Christianity from Mesopotamiato Rome.
Odoacer German leader who ousted the emperor in Rome.
Tribunes In Roman government, who represented the rights of plebians?
Marcus Aurelius The Pax Romana ended in 180 A.D., after the death of this man.
Tribute Payment from conquered peoples.
Quipu Knotted, colored strings used for keeping records.
Kiva Large underground chamber used for religious ceremonies.
Igloo Dome-shaped home made from snow and ice.
Potlatch Ceremony in which a wealthy host distributes gifts to guests.
Tikal Largest Mayan city.
Teotihuacan City that dominated the Valley of Mexico from A.D. 100 to 750.
Tenochtitlan Aztec capital.
Cusco Capital of the Incan empire.
Cahokia Ceremonial center of the Mississippian culture.
Fief An estate granted to a vassal.
Chivalry A code of conduct adopted by knights in the Middle Ages.
Serfs A peasant who was bound to the land.
Tithe Tax the Church required Christians to pay.
Secular Worldly.
Charter Written document that set out the rights and privileges of a town.
Capital Money for investment.
Usury Lending money at interest.
Military Service Under feudalism, lords granted land to vassals in exchange for this.
Increased Food Production New agricultural technologies in the Middle Ages led to this.
Common Law Law that was the same for all people.
Crusade Holy War.
Schism Split.
Scholasticism A method of study that users reason to support Christian beliefs.
Vernacular Everday language of ordinary people.
William the Conqueror Norman king responsible for the Domesday Book.
Innocent III Pope who led the Church at the Height of its power in the Middle Ages.
Isabella Ruler who used the Inquistion to help unify Spain.
Thomas Aquinas Christian scholar who used reason to examine Christian teaching.
Joan of Arc Peasant woman who led French troops to victory against the English in the hundred Years' War.
Emperor Justinian Byzantine emperor who developed a law code based on ancient Roman law.
Anna Comne A historian of the Western world.
Ivan the Great Ruler who was Russia's first czar.
Genghiz Khan Chief who united the Mongols of central Asia.
Queen Jadwiga Polish queen who controlled a large state in Eastern Europe.
Muhammad Prophet of Islam.
Tamerlane Mongol leader who conquered Persia and Mesopotamia.
al-Khwarizmi Muslim mathematician who pioneered the study of algebra.
Akbar the Great Chief builder of the Mughal dynasty.
Sinan Ottoman architect who designed the Selimiye Mosque.
Created by: merrickirvin