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World History Review

World History Review for Midterm 2014

DefinitionTerm
The study of people, their environments, and the resources available to them Geography
The study of the ways of life of early peoples through the examination of their physical remains Archaeology
Object made by people Artifact
The earliest period of human history Old Stone Age
Person who moves from place to place in search of food Nomad
A huge sheet of ice Glacier
A political unit consisting of a city and its surrounding land City-state
The spread of ideas, customs, and technology from one people to another Cultural Diffusion
The change from hunting and food-gathering to farming Neolithic Revolution
Triangular area of marshland formed by deposits of silt at the mouth of some rivers Delta
The preservation of the dead Mummification
A pyramid-shaped temple built by the Sumerians Ziggurat
Governor of a province of the Persian empire Satrap
Teaching a belief in one God Monotheistic
Egyptian queen who encouraged trade with lands along the eastern Mediterranean Hatshepsut
Pharaoh who spread Egyptian rule northward to Syria and conquered Nubia Ramses II
Ruler who published a code of laws to help unite Babylonia Hammurabi
King who encouraged Babylonian learning Nebuchadnezzar
Ruler who united the Persian empire Darius
Large landmass that juts out from a continent Subcontinent
A seasonal wind Monsoon
Social group into which people are born and from which they cannot change Caste
Aryan tribal chief Rajah
Fine, windblown yellow soil Loess
A group of families who claim a common ancestor Clan
Sign that expresses a though or idea Ideograph
System of government in which local lords governed their own lands but owed military service and other kinds of support to the ruler Feudalism
Which of the following two water bodies influenced early Indian civilization? Indus and Ganges
The Aryans divided people into classes by Occupation
Hindu god known as the Destroyer Shiva
The "Enlightened One" who founded Buddhism Siddhartha Gautama
Ruler who established the first great Indian empire Chandragupta Maurya
Maurya emperor who paved the way for the spread of Buddhism throughout Asia Asoka
Chinese philosopher who believed that people were naturally good Confucius
Chinese philosopher who taught that "the nature of man is evil" Hanfeizi
Emperor who united China and built the Great Wall Shi Huangdi
Emperor who founded the Han dynasty Liu Bang
Both Hindus and Buddhists believe in Nonviolence
The golden age of India took place during the rule of the Guptas
Narrow water passage Strait
Government in which a king or queen exercises central power Monarchy
Rule by a landholding elite Aristocracy
Government by the people Democracy
Art of skillful speaking Rhetoric
Blind poet credited with creating the Iliad and the Odyssey Homer
Leader of Athens who introduced social, political, and economic reforms Solon
Statesman who established direct democracy in Athens Pericles
Philosopher who examined beliefs and ideas through critical questioning Socrates
Physician whose oath set ethical standards for doctors Hippocrates
The geography of Greece helped create what kind of governments City-states
Leader of Carthaginian army who crossed the Alps to invade Italy Hannibal
General who brought Gaul under Roman control Julius Ceasar
First ruler of the Roman empire Augustus
Author of the Roman epic poem, the Aeneid Virgil
Astronomer who theorized that the Earth was the center of the universe Ptolemy
Central figure in Christianity Jesus
Jewish convert who spread Christianity from Mesopotamia to Rome Paul
German leader who ousted the emperor in Rome Odoacer
In Roman government, who represented the rights of plebeians? Tribunes
The Pax Romana ended in 180 A.D., after the death of Marcus Aurelius
Payment from conquered peoples Tribute
Knotted, colored strings used for keeping records Quipu
Large underground chamber used for religious ceremonies Kiva
Dome-shaped home made from snow and ice Igloo
Ceremony in which a wealthy host distributes gifts to guests Potlatch
Largest Mayan city Tikal
City that dominated the Valley of Mexico from A.D. 100 to 750 Teotihuacán
Aztec capital Tenochtitlán
Capital of Incan empire Cuzco
Ceremonial center of the Mississippian culture Cahokia
An estate granted to a vassal Fief
A code of conduct adopted by knights in the Middle Ages Chivalry
A peasant who was bound to the land Serf
Tax the Church required Christians to pay Tithe
Worldly Secular
Written document that set out the rights and priviliges of a town Charter
Money for investment Capital
Lending money at interest Usury
Under feudalism, lords granted land to vassals in exchange for Military Service
New agricultural technologies in the Middle Ages led to Increased Food Production
Law that was same for all people Common Law
Holy war Crusade
Split Schism
A method of study that uses reason to support Christian beliefs Scholasticism
Everyday language of ordinary people Vernacular
Norman king responsible for the Domesday Book William the Conqueror
Pope who led the Church at the height of its power in the Middle Ages Innocent III
Ruler who used the Inquisition to help unify Spain Isabella
Christian scholar who used reason to examine Christian teaching Thomas Aquinas
Peasant woman who led French troops to victory against the English in the Hundred Years' War Joan of Arc
Byzantine emperor who developed a law code based on ancient Roman law Justinian
A historian of the Western world Anna Comnena
Ruler who was Russia's first czar Ivan the Great
Chief who united the Mongols of central Asia Genghis Khan
Polish queen who controlled a large state in Eastern Europe Jadwiga
Prophet of Ilam Muhammad
Mongol leader who conquered Persia and Mesopotamia Tamerlane
Muslim mathematician who pioneered the study of algebra al-Khwarizimi
Chief builder of the Mughal dynasty Akbar
Ottoman architect who designed the Selimiye Mosque Sinan
Created by: mallorysullivan