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Blood Collection Equ

Chap. 7

Which groups required gloves CDC / HICPAC Standard Precautions OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standard
USES for: Gloves & Barrier Creams/Liners Nonsterile / Sterile Disposable Nitrile, Vinyl, Neoprene, etc. Glove liners- under gloves Creams to prevent irritation & allergies from glove materials
Antiseptics Commonly used: 70% Isopropyl alcohol For better protection ie. -Povidone-Iodine -Benzalkonium Chloride Substance / Solution to prevent sepsis Bacteriostatic Safe on human skin
Disinfectants Chemical substances Not safe for human skin Regulated by EPA Used to kill bacteria on surfaces/instruments
General blood collection equipment Gauze pads Cotton balls Bandages Needles Disposable Sharps container Pen Watch
Venipuncture equipment Vein locator device: helpful for babies Tourniquet ETS Syringe System Winged Infusion Set Combination Systems
Tourniquets Proper application allows arterial blood flow Obstructs venous flow away from area Changes blood components if left on longer than 1 min. Many type Vinyl tourniquets 4 INCHES above site
Needles Types ETS Butterfly Syringe
Needle Characteristics Sterile Disposable Single use only Parts: -Bevel -Shaft -Hub
Needle Characteristics cont. Gauge -Number related to lumen diameter -Larger gauge # = smaller diameter of needle -Color coded- easy id 21 = Normal routine (green cap) 22 = Kids, Fragile veins (black cap) Length -1 inch. most common 1/2 -3/4 in. butterfly
Evacuated Tube System (ETS) Closed system -no drip -no contact with blood allows a lot of tubes to be drawn Three components: -multisample needle -plastic holder -types of tubes
Needle & Holder refers to hub/ adapter clear plastic cylinder flanges -extension on side of holder -aid in tube placement & removal
Created by: 1741370178