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Rome

Unit 5 flashcards

TermDefinition
Tiberius One of the two brothers elected as tribunes who spoke out for common people and was assassinated
Plebeian One of the common people
Satirize Ridicule with satire
Apostle An ardent early supporter of a cause or reform
Virgil A Roman poet; author of the epic poem 'Aeneid' (70-19 BC)
Heresy A belief that rejects the orthodox tenets of a religion
Julius Caesar Named dictator for life of Romein 44 BC-stabbed to death on March 15 in senate chamber
Constantinpole Largest city and former capital of Turkey; rebuilt on the site of ancient Byzantium by Constantine I in the fourth century; renamed Constantinople by Constantine who made it the capital of the Byzantine Empire; now the seat of the Eastern Orthodox Church
Constantine Emperor of Rome who adopted the Christian faith and stopped the persecution of Christians (280-337)
Inflation When items being sold get more expensive
Augustine One of the Fathers of the Roman Catholic Church; after a dramatic conversion to Christianity he became Bishop of Hippo in North Africa (354-430)
Tribune One of 10 elected officials who could attend the meetings of the Roman Senate and vote to veto any laws of which they did not approve
Patrician Of the hereditary aristocracy or ruling class of ancient Rome or medieval Europe; of honorary nobility in the Byzantine empire
Nero Roman emperor who persecuted Christians
Diocletian Roman Emperor whose palace's ruins still stand in Croatia
Aqueduct A conduit that resembles a bridge but carries water over a valley
Messiah A savior; someone who brings justice and freedom
Caligula Ordered soldiers to gather seashells; killed a priest
Gaius One of the two brothers elected as tribunes who spoke out for common people and was assassinated
Cencus A government count of the population of a country
Etruscans A naïve or inhabitant of ancient Etruria; the Etruscans influenced the Romans (who had suppressed them by about 200 BC)
Pax Romana Means "Roman Peace". This was a time in history where there were no major wars fought
Latifundia In ancient Rome, huge estates bought up by newly wealthy Roman citizens
Augustas Caesar The new name given to Octavian after the death of Julius Caesar and the battle for power in the aftermath
Dictator A ruler who is unconstrained by law
Imperialism A policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
Republic The government of Italy where the people elect representatives to serve in the government
ptolemy Alexandrian astronomer who proposed a geocentric system of astronomy that was undisputed until Copernicus (2nd century AD)
Martyr One who suffers for the sake of principle
Pope The head of the Roman Catholic Church
Mythology The body of stories associated with a culture or institution or person
Huns A civilization from Western Asia who began invading Rome around 380 B.C
Consul Either of the two chief elected officials in Ancient Rome
Created by: 83celbak