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Dodd's SS vocab

2014 First Semester Social Studies Final

history the written and other recorded events of people
nomad a person with no permanent home who moves from place to place in search of food, water or pasture
empire many territories and people controlled by one government
prehistory before history; the events in the period of time before writing was invented
domesticate to adapt wild plants for human use; to tame wild animals and breed them for human use
bazaar market selling different kinds of goods
covenant a promise made by God; a binding agreement
Hammurabi the king of Babylon from about 1792 to 1750 B.C., creator of the Babylonian Empire
absolute power complete control over someone or something
exile to force someone to live in another place or country
nubia a desert region and ancient kingdom in the Nile River Valley
famine a time when there is so little food that many people starve
hieroglyphics a kind of picture writing in which some pictures stand for ideas or things and others stand for sounds
papyrus an early form of paper made from a reedlike plant found in the marshy areas of the Nile delta
dynasty a series of rulers from the same family
surplus more of a thing or product than is needed
civilization a society with cities, a central government run by official leaders, and workers who specialize in certain jobs
city-state a city that has its own independent government and often controls much of the surrounding land
cataract a large water or steep rapids
artisan a skilled worker who practices a trade, such as a jewelry making
polytheism the belief in many gods
silt the fine soil found on river bottoms
cuneiform a form of writing that uses wedges and lines
monotheism the belief in one god
scribe in ancient civilizations, a specially trained person who knew how to read, write, and keep records
mummy a dead body preserved in lifelike conditions
citadel a fortress in a city
subcontinent a large landmass that juts out from a continent
brahman a single spiritual power that Hindus believe lives in everything
dharma the religious and moral duties of Hindus
Wudi the Chinese emperor who expanded the Chinese empire under the Han Dynasty
Silk Road a chain of trade routes stretching from China to the Mediterranean Sea
Shi Huangdi the founder of the Qin dynasty and China's first emperor
mountain a geographic feature that often separated civilizations from the rest of the world
river a geographic feature that civilizations were settled around for farming, food, and transportation
tolerance the acceptance of differences
loess a yellow-brown soil
nirvana the lasting peace that Buddhists seeks by giving up selfish desires
Confucius a Chinese philosopher and teacher whose beliefs greatly influenced Chinese life
civil service the group of people whose job it is to carry out the work of the government
Created by: cdodd