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Chapter 3

Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent

irrigation a way of supplying water to an area of land
surplus more than needed/ extra amount
canals human made waterways
urban city
rural countryside
city-state consist of both urban and rural
silt a mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks
priest people who perform religious ceremonies
social hierarchy dividing society by rank or class
division of labor special jobs with special workers
empire land with different territories under a single rule
polytheism worship of many gods
monarch king or ruler
alphabet a set of letters that represent sounds in words
cuneiform wedge-shaped writing first developed by Sumerians
Pictographs picture symbols
Chariot a horse-drawn cart used in battle
scribe writer
Ziggurat a pyramid shaped temple tower
architecture the science of building
epics long poems about a hero
city-state consists of a city and all the countryside
Civilization must have 5 features: a stable food supply, division of labor, social hierarchy, government and highly developed culture
Fertile Crescent rich fertile farmland
Created by: s110h