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HCC MT cHAPTER 2

Human body in Health and Disease

QuestionAnswer
posterior cavity human body that houses the cranial and vertebral cavities dorsal cavity
divides the body horizontally; sometimes called cross sectional transverse plane transverse plane
anterior cavity that houses the thoracic and adominopelvic cavity ventral cavity
This muscle separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity diaphragm
the functional units of the kidneys that form urine processes of filitaration reasorbtion and secretion nephrons
each nephron contains, a cluster of capillaries surrounded by a membrane called the bowmans capsule glomerulus
the complete surpression of urine formation by the kidneys anuria
is at toxic condition caused by excessive amount of urea and other waste products in the bloodstream uremia
a sudden onset and is characterized by uremia. May be caused by many factors including a drop in blood volume or blood pressure due to injury or surgery acute renal failure
a progressive disease that may be caused by a variety of conditions when the kidney function is insufficent, dialysis, or transplation is requried chronic renal failure
the late stages of chronic renal failure end stage renal disease
excissive fluid in the body tissues edema
abnormally high concentractions of high protein in the urine Hyperproteinuria
abnormally low concentrations concentractions of protein in the urine hypoproteinuria
abnormally large amounts of lipids in the blood hyperlipidemia
the damage to the kidneys capillary blood vessels that is caused by long term diabetes mellitus diabetic nephropathy
inflammation of the kidney involving primarily the glomeruli glomerulonephritis
is the the dialation of the renal pelvis of one or both kidneys hydronephrosis
the destention (state of being enlarged) of a kidney nephrectasis
inflammation of the kidney nephritis
the downward displacement of the kidney floating kidney
the suppuration (formation or discharge of pus) nephropyosis
inflammation on the renal pelvis pyelitis
the inflammation of the renal pelvis and of the kidney pyelonephritis
the acute pain in the kidney area that is caused by blockage during the passage of a kidney stone renal colic
disorder characterized by the presence of stones in the kidney nephrolithiasis
the distention( stretching out ) of the ureter with urin ethat cannot flow because the ureter is blocked hydroureter
abnormal narrowing of the ureter ureterostenosis
pain in the bladder cystalgia
inflammation of the bladder cystitis
inflammation within the wall of the bladder this is a chronic condition with symptoms similar of those of cystitis interstitial cystitis
hernia of the bladder cystocele
the visual examination of the urinary bladder also used for treatment procedures such as the removal of tumors Cystoscopy
is a radiographic x ray study of the kidneys and ureters in which iodine is injected into vein as a contrast medium to define these structure more clearly intravenous pyelogram
the radiographic study of these structures without the use of a contrast medium KUB
the radiograpic visualization of the urinary tract with the use of a contrast medium intravenous urography
traces the action of the kidney as it processes and excretes dye injected into the bloodstream excretory urography
a radiograph of the urinary system taken after dye has been placed in the uretha through a sterile catheter and caused to flow upward through the urinary tract retrograde urography
a radiographic examination of thr bladder after installation of a contrast medium via a urethal catheter cystography
performed after cystography. A diagonostic procedure in which a fluoroscope is used to examine the flow of urine from the bladder and through the urethra Voiding cystourethrography
is the examination of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements urinalysis
are medications administed to increase urine secretion to rid the body of excess sodium and water diuretics
a procedure to remove waste products from the blood of patients whose kidneys no longer function dialysis
the lining of the peritoneal cavity acts as the filter to remove waste from the blood used for renal failure and certain types of poisoning peritoneal dialysis
provides ongoing dialysis as the patient goes about his daily activites continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
uses a machine to cycle the dialysate fluid during the night while the patient sleeps continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis
the visual examination of the urinary bladder also used for treatment procedures such as the removal of tumors Cystoscopy
is a radiographic x ray study of the kidneys and ureters in which iodine is injected into vein as a contrast medium to define these structure more clearly intravenous pyelogram
the radiographic study of these structures without the use of a contrast medium KUB
the radiograpic visualization of the urinary tract with the use of a contrast medium intravenous urography
traces the action of the kidney as it processes and excretes dye injected into the bloodstream excretory urography
a radiograph of the urinary system taken after dye has been placed in the uretha through a sterile catheter and caused to flow upward through the urinary tract retrograde urography
a radiographic examination of thr bladder after installation of a contrast medium via a urethal catheter cystography
performed after cystography. A diagonostic procedure in which a fluoroscope is used to examine the flow of urine from the bladder and through the urethra Voiding cystourethrography
is the examination of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements urinalysis
are medications administed to increase urine secretion to rid the body of excess sodium and water diuretics
a procedure to remove waste products from the blood of patients whose kidneys no longer function dialysis
the lining of the peritoneal cavity acts as the filter to remove waste from the blood used for renal failure and certain types of poisoning peritoneal dialysis
provides ongoing dialysis as the patient goes about his daily activites continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
uses a machine to cycle the dialysate fluid during the night while the patient sleeps continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis
the visual examination of the urinary bladder also used for treatment procedures such as the removal of tumors Cystoscopy
is a radiographic x ray study of the kidneys and ureters in which iodine is injected into vein as a contrast medium to define these structure more clearly intravenous pyelogram
the radiographic study of these structures without the use of a contrast medium KUB
the radiograpic visualization of the urinary tract with the use of a contrast medium intravenous urography
traces the action of the kidney as it processes and excretes dye injected into the bloodstream excretory urography
a radiograph of the urinary system taken after dye has been placed in the uretha through a sterile catheter and caused to flow upward through the urinary tract retrograde urography
a radiographic examination of thr bladder after installation of a contrast medium via a urethal catheter cystography
performed after cystography. A diagonostic procedure in which a fluoroscope is used to examine the flow of urine from the bladder and through the urethra Voiding cystourethrography
is the examination of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements urinalysis
are medications administed to increase urine secretion to rid the body of excess sodium and water diuretics
a procedure to remove waste products from the blood of patients whose kidneys no longer function dialysis
the lining of the peritoneal cavity acts as the filter to remove waste from the blood used for renal failure and certain types of poisoning peritoneal dialysis
provides ongoing dialysis as the patient goes about his daily activites continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
uses a machine to cycle the dialysate fluid during the night while the patient sleeps continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis
Created by: jjackson