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Urinary System

diseases, key terms, or procedures

QuestionAnswer
also known as anuresis is the complete supression of urine formation by the kidneys. aunria
also known as uremic poisoning, is a toxic condition caused by excessive amount of urea and other waste products in the bloodstrem uremia
progressive disease that may be caused by a variety of conditions chornic renal failure (CRF)
abnormally high concentrations of protein [albumin] in the urine hyperproteinuria
abnormally low concentrations of protein in the blood hypoproteinemia
abnormally large amount of lipids in the blood hyperlipidemia
is the distention of the ureter with urine that can not flow because the ureter is blocked hydroureter
an acute pain in the kidney area that is caused by blockage during the passage of a kidney stone renal colic
an abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina vesicovaginal fissure
(in the male) a congenital abnormality in which the urethral opening is located on the dorsal of the penis epispadias
(in the male) a congenital abnormality in whihc the urethral opening is on the undersurface of the penis. hypospadias
a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethral opening is on one side of the penis paraspadias
the increased excretion of urine diuresis
difficult or painful urination dysuria
involuntary discharge of urine enuresis
excessive urination during the night nocturia
scanty urination oliguria
excessive urination polyuria
the inability to void or empty the bladder urinary retention
inability to control excretory functions incontinence
urination occurs involuntary as soon as as an urgent desire to urinate is felt. This urge may be triggered by a physical movement rather than by a full bladder urge incontinence
also known as cysto is the visual examination of the urinary bladder using a cystoscope cystoscopy
radiographic(x-ray) study of the kidneys and ureters in which iodine is injected into a vein as a contrast medium to define these structures more clearly intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
the absence of urine formation by the kidneys anuria
also known as uremic poisoning, is a toxic condition caused by excessive amount of urea and other waste products in the bloodstrem uremia
progressive disease that may be caused by a variety of conditions chornic renal failure (CRF)
abnormally high concentrations of protein [albumin] in the urine hyperproteinuria
abnormally low concentrations of protein in the blood hypoproteinemia
abnormally large amount of lipids in the blood hyperlipidemia
is the distention of the ureter with urine that can not flow because the ureter is blocked hydroureter
an acute pain in the kidney area that is caused by blockage during the passage of a kidney stone renal colic
an abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina vesicovaginal fissure
(in the male) a congenital abnormality in which the urethral opening is located on the upper surface of the penis. (in the female) it located in the clitoris epispadias
(in the male) a congenital abnormality in whihc the urethral opening is on the under surface of the penis.( in the female) it is into the vagina hypospadias
a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethral opening is on one side of the penis paraspadias
the increased excretion of urine diuresis
difficult or painful urination dysuria
involuntary discharge of urine enuresis
excessive urination during the night nocturia
scanty urination oliguria
excessive urination polyuria
the inability to void or empty the bladder urinary retention
inability to control excretory functions incontinence
urination occurs involuntary as soon as as an urgent desire to urinate is felt. This urge may be triggered by a physical movement rather than by a full bladder urge incontinence
also known as cysto is the visual examination of the urinary bladder using a cystoscope cystoscopy
radiographic(x-ray) study of the kidneys and ureters in which iodine is injected into a vein as a contrast medium to define these structures more clearly intravenous pyelogram (IVP)
(kidneys, ureters, bladder) is a radiographic study of these structures without the use of a contrast medium. this study is also referred as a flat-plate of the abdomen KUB
the radiographic visualization of the urinary tract with the use of a contrast medium. the resulting record is called a urogram intravenious urography
named beceause it traces the action of the kidney as it processes and excretes dye injected into the bloodstream excretory urography
a radiograph of the urinary system taken after dye has been placed in the urethra through a sterile catheter and caused to flow upward (backward) through the urinary tract retrograde urography
a radiographic examination of the bladder after instillation of a contrast medium via a urethral catheter cystography
may be performed after cystography. in this diagnostic procedure, a fluoroscope is used to examine the flow of the urine from the bladder and through the urethra. voiding cystourethrography (VCUG)
the examination of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements urinalysis
medications administered to increase urine secretion to rid the body of excess sodium and water diuretics
a procedure to remove waste products from the blood of patients whose kidneys no longer function dialysis
filters waste products from the patients blood. a shunt implanted in the patients arm is connected to the artifical kidney machine, and arterial blood flows through the filters. hemodialysis (HD)
the lining of the peritoneal cavity acts as the filter to remove waste from the blood. peritoneal dialysis
provides ongoing dialysis. a dialysate solution is instilled from a plastic container worn under the patients clothing. every 6 to 8 hours the used solution is drained back into this bag and the bag is discarded. a new bag is attached, and the process co continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)
uses a machine to cycle the dialysate fluid during the night while the patient sleeps continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD)
rrhea KUB
the radiographic visualization of the urinary tract with the use of a contrast medium. the resulting record is called a urogram intravenious urography
named beceause it traces the action of the kidney as it processes and excretes dye injected into the bloodstream excretory urography
a radiograph of the urinary system taken after dye has been placed in the urethra through a sterile catheter and caused to flow upward (backward) through the urinary tract retrograde urography
a radiographic examination of the bladder after instillation of a contrast medium via a urethral catheter cystography
may be performed after cystography. in this diagnostic procedure, a fluoroscope is used to examine the flow of the urine from the bladder and through the urethra. voiding cystourethrography (VCUG)
the examination of urine to determine the presence of abnormal elements urinalysis
medications administered to increase urine secretion to rid the body of excess sodium and water diuretics
a procedure to remove waste products from the blood of patients whose kidneys no longer function dialysis
filters waste products from the patients blood. a shunt implanted in the patients arm is connected to the artifical kidney machine, and arterial blood flows through the filters. hemodialysis (HD)
the lining of the peritoneal cavity acts as the filter to remove waste from the blood. peritoneal dialysis
provides ongoing dialysis. a dialysate solution is instilled from a plastic container worn under the patients clothing. every 6 to 8 hours the used solution is drained back into this bag and the bag is discarded. a new bag is attached, and the process co continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD)
uses a machine to cycle the dialysate fluid during the night while the patient sleeps continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD)
sudden onset and is characterized by uremia. This condition includes a sudden drop in blood volume or BP due to injury or surgery Acute renal failure
a condition in which hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia cause acute renal failure and possibly death. Result of an Escherichia coli (E.coli) infection in young children and the elderly. Hemolytic uremic syndrome
a sondition in which very high levels of protein are lost in the urine and abnormally low levels of protein are present in the blood Nephrotic syndrom
any degenerative kidney disease causing nephrotic syndrome WITHOUT inflammation Nephrosis
the distention of the pelvis of the kidney. Distention - enlarges or stretched Nephrectasis
Bright's disease. inflammation of the glomeruli that vause RBC and protein to leak into the urine Glomerulonephritis
Floating Kidney. the prolapse of a kidney. Prolapse - slipping or falling out of place Nephroptosis
suppuration of the kidney Pyonephrosis / Nephropyosis
dilation (swelling) of one or both kidneys Hydronephrosis
distention of the ureter with urine that cannot flow because the ureter is blocked Hydroureter
distention of a ureter Ureterectasis
discharge of blood from the ureter Ureterorrhagia
Fallen bladder Cystocele
Chronic inflammation within the walls of the bladder. Interstitial cystitis. Interstitial - spaces within a tissue or organ
the INABILITY to control the voiding of urine Incontinence
bleeding form the urethra Urethrorrhagia
abnormal discharge from the urethra urethrorrhea
rrhagia bleeding
general increase in bulk of a body part or organ that is not due to tumor formation Hypertrophy
the condition of having symptoms resulting from compression or obstruction of the urethra due to benign prostatic hypertrophy Prostatism
abnormal enlargement of the prostate gland Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
Inflammation of the prostate gland Prostatitis
Difficulty in starting a urination (or voiding or micturition) Urinary Hesitancy
Inability to empty the bladder Urinary Retention
Urge incontinence Overactive bladder
a handheld ultrasound transducer to measure the amount of urine remaining in the bladder after urination Bladder ultrasound
to screen for prostate enlargement, infection, and indications of prostate cancer Digital Rectal Examination
a proceduer to remove waste products fro the blood of a patient whose kindey no function Dialysis
Created by: hbobo