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Africa Countries

Keywords to know for the countries of Africa

Egypt Republic, ruled with Islamic law; poverty thrives, limited resources; most are farmers by Nile River. The economy depends on agriculture, petroleum exports and tourism. The Suez Canal and remittances help the economy. Mostly rural
North Africa Challenge of Islam role; Oil, mining, and tourism are important industries. Oil is most important resource. Agriculture and tourism are major economic activities.
Libya Ruled by a dictator, have bad economic relations with others because of violence. Spoke against terrorism that helped relationships.
Algeria Violence between their government and Islamic groups costed many lives. They're trying to recover with exports to strengthen its economy.
Tunisia Gave a good amount of rights to women; Economic relationships are close with European countries, where most imports are from.
Morocco The only North African country with little oil, but is an important producer/exporter of fertilizer.
Nigeria Conflicts of ethnic groups occur here; rich in natural resources such as oil fields along the Nile River Delta. Oil is a major export. Although rich in resources, their people are poor because of poverty from high birth rate and corrupt government.
Senegal and Gambia Two countries with one wrapping around the other. Peanuts are major crops; tourism is very important. Most people in each country speak the language of Wolof. Storytelling is important.
Guinea Poor; has bauxite which is used for aluminum.
Guinea-Bissau Poor; but has undeveloped mineral resources.
Cape Verde A group of volcanic islands in the Atlantic Ocean. Once a colony of Portugal. Has one of the most democratic governments. Tourism is very beneficial to the economy.
Liberia Africa's oldest republic; Was funded by Americans in the 1820's for freed slaves. Conflicts with slaves and Africans led to a civil war. Trying to rebuild; exports rubber and iron ore.
Sierra Leone Experienced a civil war from 1991-2002; the economy wrecked the economy, killed many people and forced people away from their homes. Trying to rebuild, main export of diamonds.
Ghana Named for an ancient kingdom. Rich in natural resources such as gold, timber, and cacao.
Cote d'Ivoire Former french colony, also named Ivory Coast. Has largest Christian church building of Africa. World leader in exports of cacao and coffee; civil war hurt economy
Togo Unstable government, have been under military rule with a fragile economy. Very poor; people depend on farming and herding for income. Palm products, cacao and coffee are main crops. Similar to the country of Benin.
Benin Unstable government, have been under military rule with a fragile economy. Poor; people depend on farming and herding for income. Palm products, cacao and coffee are main crops. Very similar to Togo's country.
Mauritania Once nomadic herders; very poor. Only can farm near Senegal River and fishing is done near Atlantic. Corrupt government and ethnic issues between blacks/arabs cause trouble here.
Niger Only about 11% is good for farming. This farmland lies along the Niger River and near the border. Main crops are grain-like cereal seeds. Locusts and drought caused a famine here,
Chad More farmland than Mauritania and Niger, and had conditions are better. Lake Chad has experienced loss of water because of droughts but once was healthy for fishing and water supplication. Oil was recently found, after a long civil war.
Mali The Sahara Desert covers 40% of this country. Lack of farmland (along Niger River) makes it one of the worlds poorest countries. Cotton and gold are the main exports. There is a fairly stable government there, with the city of Timbuktu.
Burkina Faso Poor; thin soil and and few mineral resources. Few trees and scarce jobs. Men are forced to find work in other countries. Because of that, the economy suffers.
Democratic Republic of the Congo Once a Belgian colony, ethnic group problems keep country poor. Mobutu was important dictator. Leaders were corrupt, Mobutu tried to expand industries. Civil war changed country. Has the copper belt but endured crime to scare other countries
Central African Republic Struggled ever since independence with military coups, corrupt leaders and improper elections. Also has a weak economy. Has diamonds and gold, but cant export them because there isnt transportation routes available.
Cameroon Fairly stable, has oil reserves and good farming conditions. Cacao, cotton and coffee are major exports; they are able to be transported away because of roads and railways. High standard of living.
Equatorial Guinea Republic, oil has produced economic growth but still has poor conditions.
Sao Tome Principe Political Instability; few resources; cacao is a main export, but has to import food; recent discover of oil in waters may aid the economy.
Gabon Has had only one president for awhile, highest standard of living in Central Africa. Most income is from oil.
Republic of the Congo Most income from oil and forest products. A civil war hurt the economy. Mostly urban.
Angola Won independence from Portugal in 1975; then entered a civil war. Subsistence farming is only source of income. Inflation occurs here. Oil and diamonds give it potential.
Zambia 85% of this country's people are farmers; rich in copper mines, but has a slow economy. Hurt by debt and inflation.
Malawi Many farm here; aided from other foreign countries and religious groups to help economy. Slow to build factories and industries.
Central Africa A deadly disease of Malaria is spread here. Ethnic and regional conflicts caused a civil war. Fighting destroys land. HIV is also spread here. Most of population is young.
Lesotho The western enclave in the country of South Africa. Few resources, making it poor. Has highest female literacy rate.
Swaziland The eastern enclave in the country of South Africa. Important mineral deposits and industry. Cattle raising and farming; has good transportation for trade.
Namibia Was part of South Africa until 1990. Has deserts with rich mineral deposits and fishing in the Atlantic Ocean. Few people live in the deserts. People are poor.
Botswana Rich in mineral resources and stable government. Economy revolves around cattle ranching and diamond mining. Tourism is increasing, with unemployment, but economic growth.
Zimbabwe Poor economy and political instability. Has good gold/copper mining with productive agriculture and manufacturing. Debt, and inflation has hurt the economy. Racial inequality (few whites)
Mozambique Very poor because of civil war, but is improving from trading. Taxes on shipments (tariffs) are main source of income. Plantations grow cashews, cotton and sugar for export.
Madagascar Was ruled by socialist dictator. Income is from exports of coffee, vanilla, sugar, and cloves. Tourism and manufacturing help economy.
Comoros Made of tiny islands. Suffers from lack of resources and political instability. Struggling with education and tourism.
Tanzania Economy relies on tourism and agriculture. Safari is here. Rich in gold and diamonds, but still is poor because of subsistence farmers and poor soils. Terrorism is an issue here.
Kenya Economy relies on tourism and agriculture. Some land is set aside for national parkland as natural wildlife strives in the Serengeti Plains. Benefits from agricultural soils from Mount Kilimanjaro and geothermic energy.
Rwanda Populated by Tutsi and Hutu. Genocide occurred here when the Hutu tried to wipe out the Tutsi ethnic group.
Burundi Densely populated with the ethnic groups of Tutsi and Hutu. Lack of resources but rely on tea exports and coffee for economic earnings.
Sudan Agricultural; made of Arab Muslims; suffered from religious and ethnic conflict in a region called Darfur. In Darfur, genocide occurred as the Sudanese tried to wipe out the Arab militia.
Uganda Recovering from military dictatorship. Economic progress is slow, coffee is main export as workforce revolves around agriculture here.
Ethiopia Only East African country that wasn't under foreign rule. Rugged land serves as defense barrier. Agriculture is main activity; has benefits from coffee, livestock and oilseeds. Experienced droughts.
Eritrea Made by Italians; was part of Ethiopia before a war erupted. Tourism is popular due to Coral Reefs here. Relies on cotton exports.
Somalia Deserts and dry savanna. Nomadic herders; less diverse; no central government; drought and civil war caused starvation.
Djibouti Desert; lies along a major shipping route; was controlled by French; port is main source of income; two main ethnic groups are Issa and Afar (both are Muslim)
Created by: Turicek