Normal Size Small Size show me how
EAHS APHG Religion
These are the key terms to know for Chapter 6 of Rubenstein
|The belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal God or gods.
|An alternate term some academics use in place of "religion"
|These religions accept followers from anywhere in the world with no restrictions.
|These religions have a membership confined to a certain ethnic or cultural group.
|All organized religions have a written source of wisdom said to be of divine origin.
|A formal set of rules governing religious practice, worship, and behavior in society
|Branches of a religion which agree in general, but disagree on certain aspects of doctrine to the point of worshipping
|These readily reform their religious practices or integrate the doctrines of other faiths into their own.
|These are very rigid and do not compromise on doctrine. They strictly follow their scripture.
|Various ethnic, tribal, and forms of nature worship. Tradition is named for the Latin word for spirit.
|Includes the oldest universalizing religion and are polytheistic in nature. Reincarnation and the search for nirvana are common threads among these religions.
|Belief in only one supreme being (deity)
|Belief in multiple supreme beings (deities)
|The highest state of consciousness in Hindu-Buddhist traditions characterized by total enlightenment
|Includes Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Shares similar scripture concerning creation, the story of Abraham, and the prophecy of a coming messiah. All are monotheistic.
|The combination of multiple religions into a single faith. Could be described as "hybrid faiths".
|Form of government where religious leaders have ultimate control over society
|Government is separated from religion and is controlled by a legal system free from religious control.
|Islamic law based on the Koran and Haddith used in certain theocracies in the Middle East
|Practitioners who serve as spiritual interpreters of the universe in Animist religions with no written scripture
|Hierarchical social system governed by religious beliefs in things such as reincarnation, karma, and chakras and determined by birth
|Spiritual leaders in the Muslim faith
|Denomination of Islam containing 85% of all Muslims. Saudi Arabia is an example of a country adhering to this denomination.
|Denomination of Islam containing 15% of all Muslims. Iran is an example of a country belonging to this denomination.