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Urban-Patterns 2


Edge city A large node of office and retail activities on the edge of an urban area.
Multiple nuclei model A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a collection of nodes of activities.
Gentrification A process of converting an urban neighborhood from a predominantly low-income renter-occupied area to a predominantly middle-class owner-occupied area
Concentric zone model A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are spatially arranged in a series of rings.
Sector model A model of the internal structure of cities in which social groups are arranged around a series of sectors, or wedges, radiating out from the central business district (CBD).
Urbanization An increase in the percentage and in the number of people living in urban settlements.
Urban renewal Program in which cities identify blighted inner-city neighborhoods, acquire the properties from private members, relocate the residents and businesses, clear the site, build new roads and utilities, and turn the land over to private developers.
Peripheral model . A model of North American urban areas consisting of an inner city surrounded by large suburban residential and business areas tied together by a beltway or ring road.
Urbanized area In the United States, a central city plus its contiguous built-up suburbs.
Central business district (CBD) the area of a city where retail and office activities are clustered.
Squatter settlement An area within a city in a less developed country in which people illegally establish residences on land they do not own or rent and erect homemade structures.
City An urban settlement that has been legally incorporated into an independent, self-governing unit
Council of government A cooperative agency consisting of representatives of local governments in a metropolitan area in the United States.
Census tract An area delineated bv the U.S. Bureau of the Census for which statistics are published; in urbanized areas, census tracts correspond roughly to neighborhoods.
Annexation Legally adding land area to a city in the United States.
Deterioration consider one of the urban challenges: Wealthier people move to suburbs; Landlords get lower rents from lower income people, so they do not keep up repairs on the houses.
Social stratification how society forms different classes that are based on wealth, power, production, and prestige
Problem of permanent underclass Inner cities have concentrations of very poor people, considered to belong to an underclass, some of whom are homeless. Including the "working poor" and "homeless"
Culture of poverty environment of where there is lack of hope. It traps some poor people in the inner cities.
Underclass a group in society prevented from participating in the material benefits of a more developed society because of a variety of social and economic characteristics.
Created by: Academicfeatures