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Chapter 11 I&D

World History

Mecca Mecca was a bustling market town at the crossroads of two main caravan routes, Muhammad was born in Mecca about 570.
Bedouins a nomadic Arab of the desert.
Kaaba The Kaaba or Ka'aba, is a cuboid building at the centre of Islam's most sacred mosque, Al-Masjid al-Haram, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia.
Khadija Muhammad's first wife a wealthy widow husband and a loving father to his daughters.
Quran contains the sacred word of God as revealed to Muhammad. The Quran provides a complete guide to life. Its ethical standards emphasize honesty, generosity, and social justice.Its sets harsh penalties for crimes such as stealing or murder.
People of the Book Jews and Christians as regarded by Muslims.
Oasis fertile area in a desert, watered by a natural well or spring.
Hijra Muhammad's flight from mecca to Medina in 622.
Monotheistic believing in one God.
Mosque muslim house of worship.
Hajj one of the Five Pillars of Islam, the pilgrimage to Mecca that all Muslims are expected to make at least once in their lifetime.
Jihad in Islam, and effort in God's service.
Abu Bakr
Battle of Tours
Fatima and Ali
Harun al-Rashid
Caliph successor to Muhammad as political and religious leader of the Muslims.
Minaret slender tower of a mosque, from which Muslims are called to prayer.
Muezzin mosque official who climbs to the top of a minaret to call the faithful to prayer.
Sultan Muslim ruler.
Omar Khayyam famous in Muslim world as a scholar and astronomer, is best known to westerners for The Rubaiyat.
Social Mobility ability to move up in social class.
Arabesque intricate design made up of curved lines that suggest floral shapes, used to decorate rugs, textiles, and glassware.
Calligraphy fancy or stylized handwriting.
Nur Jahan
Taj Mahal
Sultanate land ruled by a sultan.
Caste in traditional Indian society, unchangeable social group into with a person is born.
Rajah elected warrior chief of and Aryan tribe in ancient India; local Hindu ruler in India.
Millet in the ottoman empire, a religious community of non-Muslims.
Janizary elite force of the ottoman army.
Shah king.
Created by: Roy Oviedo