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world history

study sheet

mecca the marketplace echoed with the bustle of bargaining.
bedonins nomadic herders
kaaba an ancient shrine traced to prophet Abraham. Kaaba is cube-shaped shrine which contains Black Stone
khadija wealthy widow with prosperous caravan business.
quran Quran specifies ‘up to 4 wives’ later on.
people of the book Jews and Christians as regarded by Muslims.
sharia Islamic canonical law based on the teachings of the Koran and the traditions of the Prophet
oasis fertile area in the desert
hijra a journey
monotheistic belief in one god
mosque masjids
hajj pilgrimage to mecca
jihad efforts in gods service
abu bakr is first caliph
battle of tours is where they were under the first four caliphs and and that is where they stopped them
fatima and ali they were married to each other and were the fourth caliph
sufi Muslim ‘mystics’ who sought communion with God through meditation, fasting, etc.
umayyads expanded the arab empire
addassids captured damacus for abandoning the simple ways
harun alrashid rule from 786 and 809
seljuks migrated into the middle east
tamerlane led his army into the middle east
caliph sucessor to myhammad
minaret the slender towers of mosques
muezzin official mosque
sultan authouity
omar khayyam was a sufi mystic, Persian polymath, philosopher
averroes was a medieval Andalusian Muslim polymath.
muhammad al razi was a Persian polymath, physician, alchemist and chemist, philosopher
avicenna he is known to have written, around 240 have survived
social mobility the ability to move
arabesque intricate design composed of curved lines
calligraphy the art of beautiful handwriting
sikhism Sandeep Singh Brar's view on the philosophy, development and way of life
babur finally succeeded in laying the basis for the Mughal dynasty
mughal The Mughal Empire, self-designated as Gurkani, was a Persianate empire extending over large parts of the Indian subcontinent
nurjahan Nur Jahan born as Mehr-un-Nissa, was Empress of the Mughal Empire as the chief consort of Emperor Jahangir.
taj mahal The Taj Mahal is a white marble mausoleum located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India.
sultanate land ruled by a sultan
caste social groups from which they could not change
rajah local hindu rulers
sinan meaning spearhead
isfahan Isfahan, historically also rendered in English as Ispahan, Sepahan, Esfahan or Hispahan,
millet religious communities
janizary the elite force of the ottoman army
shah king
Created by: Derek Vondrak