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Chapter 3 Terms People and Places

apocryphal gospels Gospels that are not part of the canon of the New Testament. Apocryphal means "hidden." Most date from 2nd - 4th centuries, many years after the Apostolic era.
Canon from Hebrew "kaneh" meaning "rule, measure, standard." The official list of inspired writings in sacred scripture.
evangelists Authors of the Four Gospel accounts of the New Testament - Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John - and disciples closely associated with them.
Gospel The "Good News," the story of the coming of the Savior, Jesus Christ, and the inauguration of God's Kingdom.
kerygma A form of preaching used in the early Church that presumed an audience of unbelievers.
didache A word that means "teaching" that described oral teaching to those who had already accepted Jesus.
liturgy The public worship and communal worship of the Church.
Anno Domini A Latin phrase meaning "in the year of Our Lord" used in reference to events that took place after the birth of Jesus Christ.
Gnosticism A heresy from the 1st Christian centuries that taught that Jesus shared secret info or knowledge with only a few people who were guaranteed Salvation.
Synoptic Gospels The Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke that have so much content in common that they are often studied side by side. Synoptic comes from Greek for "to see together."
source criticism The study by Scripture scholars to determine what sources the Gospel writers used to compose their works.
form criticism A type of literary criticism used by Scripture scholars that analyzes and compares different literary forms used in the Gospels.
redaction criticism A scholarly approach to the study of Scripture that attempts to see how each of the Gospel writers edited, or redacted, materials for that Gospel's audience.
textual criticism Scripture study that looks to the various early manuscripts of the biblical texts.
historical criticism An approach to Scripture analysis that tries to discover what evangelists really wanted to say when they wrote a particular text.
martyrs A Greek word meaning "witness," referring to those who were put to death because of their religious beliefs.
Created by: Iguanamom
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