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Chapter 5 McCahon

AP Human Geo Chap 5 Vocab McCahon

Creole a pidgin (any simplified or broken form of a language, esp. when used for communication between speakers of different languages) that has become the native language of a speech community
Dialect a variety of a language that is distinguished from other varieties of the same language by a feature of phonology, grammar and vocabulary and by its use by a group of speakers who are set off from others geographically or socially
Indo European languages
Isogloss (in the study of the geographical distribution of dialects)a line on a map marking the limits of an area within which a feature of speech occurs, as the use of a particular word or pronunciation. A geographic boundary line delimiting the area in which a
Language a body of words and the system for their use common to a people who are of the same community or nation, the same geographical area or the same cultural tradition
Language family any group of languages that derive from a common ancestor
Language group a collection of languages within a branch that share a common origin in the relatively recent past and display few differences in grammar and vocabulary
Language subfamily a division of languages below a family and above a branch
Lingua Franca an auxiliary language that has come into existence through the attempts by the speakers of two different languages to communicate and that is primarily a simplified form of one language with a reduced vocabulary and grammatical structure and considerable
Linguistic Diversity A variety of languages use in an area
Monolingual/ Multilingual monolingual; is only knowing or able to use one language, multilingual; is using or being able to speak several or many languages with facility
Official language a language that is specifically designated to be so in the constitution of countries, states, and other territories. (states and areas without a constitution, lack official language)
Pidgin any language that is widely used as a means of communication among speakers of other languages
Toponym the place names of a region or language and/or the study of such place names
Trade Language a language, especially a pidgin, used by different speakers of different native languages for communication in commercial trade.
Created by: s_avendano