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AP World History

Chapter 13, 14 & 15

QuestionAnswer
1. What is the turning point in the rise of Islam?
2. How did the Umayyad dynasty treat conquered people?
a philosophy the chinese embraced that replaced the religion of buddhisim was ______ Confucianisim
the three major relegions were christianity, buddhisim and Daoisim
The _____ Reunified China. sui
The song used the ____ to trade across asia Grand Canal
What was the Grand Canal? One of the greatest and largest waterworks project of its time.
Who built the Grand Canal? Sui Yangdi built the Grand Canal.
What was the Grand Canal's purpose? To help trade in northern and southern China and make abundant supplies of rice and other food crops.
What was the Equal-Field System? What was the Equal-Field System?
What eventually strained the Equal-field system? rapid population strained the equal-field system eventually. People tried to use bribery into getting more land instead of having to redistribute it.
What does kowtow mean? to bow down respectfully to the emperor while touching your forehead to the ground
Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE) founded by Tang Taizong; after the Sui dynasty; success due to energy, ability, and policies of Tang Taizong; maintained an extensive communications network based on roads, horses, and sometimes human runners; used the equal-field system.
Song Dynasty 960-1279 C.E.; never built a very powerful state; Song rulers mistrusted military leaders, and they placed much more emphasis on civil administration, industry, education, and the arts than on military affairs;
Grand Canal Waterway that linked the Huang He and Yangtze rivers; created in the sui dynasty; ran north and south; created expansion through trade
Sui dyansty Sui dyansty
Tang Tiazong 627-649 CE; Tang Dynasty's second emperor;taxes were very low; unusual stability and prosperity during his reign
Zhu Xi he was the most important representative of Song Neo-Confucianism and maintained a deep commitment to Confucian values emphasizing proper personal behavior and social harmony;
Xuanzang young Buddhist monk who decided to go to India and visit the holy sites of Buddhism and learn about his faith;
Foot Binding gained popularity among the privileged classes during the Song era; the tight wrapping of young girls' feet with strips of cloth that prevented natural growth of the bones and resulted in tiny, malformed, curved feet;
Heian Period (794-1185 CE); also a city named capital of Japan in 794 and is now modern Kyoto; became the seat of a refined and sophisticated society that drew inspiration from China but also elaborated distinctively Japanese political and cultural traditions;
Tale of Genji best reflected the Heian court life; composed by Murasaki Shikibu; relates the experiences of a fictitious imperial prince named Genji
Samurai professional warriors and specialists in the use of force and the arts of fighting; served the provincial lords of Japan
Dunhuang a city on the silk road that transmitted Mahayana Buddhism to China; by the fourth century C.E., a sizable Buddhist community had emerged at Dunhuang in western China.
Chan Buddhism a syncretic faith; a form of Buddhism with Chinese characteristics; known in Japan as Zen Buddhism; emphasized insight in the search for spiritual enlightenment
bushido strict code of honor followed by samurai
Basic Beliefs of Buddhism Four Noble Truths 1.life is suffering 2.the cause of suffering is self centered desires 3.the way to escape is to get rid of those desires 4.live not harsh or luxurious Nirvana-reached enlightenment middle path- not luxurious or harsh
champa rice rice that grows faster
dharma moral duties of an individual in hinduism
hegemony predominant influence
Neo-Confucianism emerged when the Confucians of the Song dynasty drew inspiration from Buddhism; their thought reflected the influence of Buddhism and original Confucian values
Nara Japan (710-794 CE) where Chinese influence was most prominent; Nara was also a city near modern Kyoto, Japan.
Samurai professional warriors and specialists in the use of force and the arts of fighting; served the provincial lords of Japan
Seppuku Japanese term for ritual suicide committed by the samurai when he had been dishonored
Zhu Xi he was the most important representative of Song Neo-Confucianism and maintained a deep commitment to Confucian values emphasizing proper personal behavior and social harmony;
Dharma Hindu and Buddhist term for moral conduct.
Shintoism The indigenous religion of Japan, it was polytheistic and stressed the importance of nature.
Nirvana Buddhist concept; the final liberation from suffering and reincarnation.
Uighers Nomadic Turkish peoples who were called in by the Tang military to assist them in defeating the rebellions against An Lushan
Buddhism What religion did Ashoka convert to and ultimately spread through India?
How did Muhammad spread Islam? He spread Islam through caliphs who were people that were in charge after Muhammad
What was the lasting achievement of the Yang Chien's Sui dynasty? This dynasty reunified China, ending the Period of Disunion
1. What were some significant events that occurred in China during the time from the collapse of the Han Dynasty to the rise of the Tang Dynasty? 1. China united once again under Sui Dynasty 2. They restored great wall of China. 3. Construction of Great Canal 4. Sui dynasty fell apart after ruling for 36 yrs. Tai Tsuang murdered his brothers and forced his father to abdicate the throne to him.
2. What were the important contributions of the Sui Dynasty?
10. What were the causes of Tang Dynasty collapse? 1. Casual & careless leadership, Emperor neglecting public affairs in favor of music & his mistress,Military commanders mounted a rebellion, Inviting nomadic turkish people for help & Equal field system detoriarated.
12. What is the most important new food crop introduced to China during the Tang and Song period? Champa Rice
14. What was the technological advance which facilitated Chinese overseas trade? Maintenece of well articulated transportation & communication network.
Created by: MAYUR