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Subsaharan West Afri

Sub-Saharan West Africa AP World History by Donna Heydar and Marianne Madias

TermDefinition
What were the 3 main empires in Sub-Saharan West Africa? Mali, Ghana, and Songhay
What was the main source of transport in Sub-Saharan West Africa? Camels
Ghana Empire The introduction to the camel led to a trade revolution during the Ghana empire. Gold, ivory, and salt resources could be traded in other parts of Africa and Europe in exchange for manufactured goods. This empire was only a transit point for gold.
Trans-Saharan trade introduced _____ through trading with Muslim traders. Islam
Mansa Masa He was the grand-nephew of Sundiata, a Mali king. He made a pilgrimage to Mecca. He returned and built mosques in Mali and established Islamic schools.
Mali Empire This empire contained three immense gold mines. This empire taxed every ounce of gold or salt within its borders. The empire ended with the death of Mansa Masa.
Songhay Empire After the Mali empire, Sunni Ali took over. Ali’s general Muhammad Ture overthrew the king and made Islam the religion of the kingdom.
Timbuktu A large center of wealth and learning. This was a center of Islam.
Decline of Songhay Empire A civil war of succession weakened the empire, leading the Moroccan sultan to invade under the forces of Judar Pasha. Pasha took Gao, Timbuktu, and Djenne.
Created by: dheydar