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History: 3.1 vocab

India section 1 #1 vocab

TermDefinition
Himalayas The highest range of mountains... north of India and the Ganges river
Indus River Valley a river valley, dry plateau in Pakistan
Monsoon A seasonal wind pattern in Southern Asia from June through Sept., heavy rain on the coasts and islands, farmers depend on for crops
Mohenjo Daro & Harappa Ancient advanced civilizations 35,00 people to 40,00 people, rulers were based on divine assistance, farming econm
Via "By way of", Route that passes or touches
Aryans People who migrated to north India and came into contact with Indus River valley people
Sanskrit An Indo-European language, the Aryans used it to record their religious rituals/chants
Reveal Vedas, 1500 BCE to 400 BCE, India was in many small kingdoms
Varnas The Aryans categorization of people, social groups from high to low... Bramins, Kshatriyas, Vaisyas, Sudras
Caste system Evolved from Varnas... determined Job, marriage, and social group.. defined families and occupation
Hinduism has origins in Aryans religious beliefs, proved with Vedas, believe in Brahman and Atman
Yoga The practice of a method of training that was designed to reach oneness with Brahman, means "Union"
Reincarnation belief that the individual soul is born again in different forms after death
Karma The energy force that is generated by a persons actions that detirmines how a person will be reborn
Dharma Divine Law, law requires a person do their duty according to one's caste
Buddhism The rival of Hinduism that also started in India
Siddhartha Guatama The founder of Buddhism, The Buddha/ "the Awakened one"; gave up family and life to become an ascetic, reached enlightenment and taught others
Nirvana The Goal of all Buddhists, Ultimate reality, end of self and a reunion with the Great world soul, must achieve wisdom to get to Nirvana
Created by: aub-ree