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Terms Quiz 2

Systematic Theology

TermDefinition
alienation This term is used by Protestant theologians to describe the separation or estrangement that sin fosters in relation to God, others, and one’s self. In contemporary theology it is used as a synonym for sin
estrangement Similar to alienation, Paul Tillich (German theologian who lived and worked in the USA from 1933-1965) used estrangement as a description of sin in that it causes humans to withdraw from God and others, creating a distance from them.
concupiscence An inordinate (unhealthy) desire of the self for the self. It is described by Augustine as a desire in which the senses take over control for temporal things, while leaving behind a quest for the eternal.
total depravity This is a view of the pervasive nature of sin in humanity. Sin covers the totality of human existence.
creationism (as applied to the soul only) In this view, God creates every single soul in each human being at the point of conception.
traducianism each human soul is propagated by parents to their children through the normal, physical act of sex and procreation.
I—Thou The relationship between God and humans suggests that God respects us as human beings and does not place merely in the creaturely realm of ‘objects’ but loves us and relates to us as beings.
imago Dei Whatever the precise nature of this image within humans, most theologians agree that it allows humans to be considered ‘unique’ among all God’s creatures in that they were made for relationship with God
infralapsarianism God decreed to allow the fall of humankind into sin before decreeing to save some humanity (by election). Hence, the decree of predestination is after the decree of the fall.
supralapsarianism that saw election and reprobation (i.e., predestination and damnation) of individuals occurring in God’s decrees as logically prior to the decrees for creation and the fall.
venial sins In Roman Catholic theology, this type of sin is considered “slight” in the sense that it probably does not rupture the relationship with God. It is contrasted with “mortal sin,” which does sever the relationship with God.
mortal sins In Roman Catholic theology, this type of sin can cause spiritual death. It is contrasted with ‘venial sins.’
iusticia originalis This is a theological term for the perfect righteousness of Adam and Eve at their creation (and before the fall). It is also called ‘original justice.’
dichotomy This is a view that sees the human being as consisting of two parts: usually body and soul (or material and immaterial). [Cf. Matt 10:28]
trichotomy This is a view that sees the human being as consisting of three parts: body, soul, and spirit. It is usually taken from I Thess 5:23.
apostasy This word comes from Greek. It means ‘rebellion’ or ‘abandonment.’ In a theological sense, it refers to falling away from or renouncing the Christian faith. It occurs several times in the book of Hebrews.
hesychasm refers to elaborate ascetic exercises that emphasize being quiet before God in prayer. It is a form of mysticism in the Greek Orthodox Church but is more generally applied to Eastern Orthodoxy as its ‘contemplative’ tradition.
hybris (hubris) This is not a simple pride—it is a pride that carries a person beyond what their limits. Some theologians (like Reinhold Niebuhr and perhaps Paul Tillich) view hybris as a central aspect of sin.
peccatum originalis Original sin refers to the condition that humans share due to the fall of Adam and Eve. Once possessing righteousness (original righteousness), the fall into sin has affected human nature and sin pervades all of human life
The Freedom of Nature (libertas naturae) (1) The freedom of Adam, before the fall: posse non peccare (able not to sin) (2) The freedom of sinners, after the fall: non posse non peccare (not able not to sin)
The Freedom of Nature (libertas naturae) (3) The freedom of the faithful, after regeneration: posse peccare et non peccare (able to sin and not to sin) (4) The freedom of glory (in heaven): non posse peccare (unable to sin) or (not able to sin)
Created by: janalyn_faith
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