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Medical Terminology

Purple Module - Hematology 2

TermDefinition
acid phosphatase chemistry test used to assess an early diagnosis of prostate cancer
albumin test chemistry test to assess nutritional status
alkaline phosphatase chemistry test used to assess liver function & bone disorders
amylase chemistry test used to assess acute pancreatitis
anemia lack of circulating RBCs in the blood stream
arterial blood gases test performed by a respiratory technician using an arterial puncture; used to assess the amount of O2, CO2, pH levels & O2 saturation of the blood
bacteremia presence of bacteria in the blood
bilirubin test chemistry test to assess liver function
blood culture bacteriological test used to isolate & identify infectious pathogens
bone marrow aspiration sample of bone marrow is withdrawn by the physician & examined by the lab tech for blood cell evaluation
cardiac profile series of chemistry tests to evaluate enzymes produced by damaged cardiac muscle
centrifuge machine which spins test tubes at high speeds, causing the heavier particles to settle to the bottom & the lighter particles to rise to the top of the solution
cholesterol test chemistry test to detect the amount of lipids in the bloodstream
coumadin anticoagulant medication; delays blood clotting
creatinine phosphokinase (CPK) chemistry test to assess cardiac and/or liver damage
creatinine chemistry test to assess kidney function
dicoumarol anticoagulant medication; delays blood clotting
edema tissue swelling; abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tissues
electrolytes components in blood necessary for cellular activity; test to evaluate acid-base balance (renal function); includes Ca, Na, Cl, K+
fibrin protein substance which forms a web-like network of protein strands that helps in clot formation
fibrin split products coagulation test to measure the breakdown products of fibrin & fibrinogen
fibrinogen plasma protein that is converted into fibrin during the clotting process
frothing bubbles formed in a vacuum tube of blood, usually caused by improper venipuncture
glucose tolerance test (GTT) chemistry test taken at specific intervals after the ingestion of 100 gm of glucose for the diagnosis of hypoglycemia or diabetes mellitus
hematology study of blood & blood forming tissues
hemoconcentration elevated concentration of the blood due to prolonged tourniquet application or excessive squeezing of a capillary puncture site
hemolysis destruction of RBCs
heparin chemical added to some vacuum tubes & capillary tubes to prevent coagulation
icteric blood serum that is hemolyzed & red or orange in appearance
iodine bacteriocidal solution used to prepare sites for blood culture collection
iron & total iron binding capacity chemistry test to assess RBC ability to carry & bind with iron
iron deficiency anemia inadequate supply of iron to form normal RBCs
lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) chemistry test to assess MI, liver disease, or metastatic cancer
lipemia abnormal amount of fat in the blood
lipemic specimen blood serum which is cloudy in appearance; may be caused by excessive fat in the blood
liver profile series of chemistry tests to assess liver function; includes SGOT, SGPT, bilirubin, & alkaline phosphatase
lumen the space or opening within a vessel or tube
metacarpal veins veins of the hands
metatarsal veins veins of the feet
palpable to have been touched
palpate to feel; to examine by touch
patency the state of being freely open; a vein is patent if it retains its elasticity & has no blockage from scarring or bruising
pernicious anemia inadequate supply of B12 causes RBCs to be unable to carry O2
phlebitis inflammation of a vein
polycythemia vera condition where there are too many RBCs
post-prandial pertaining to after a meal
prandial pertaining to a meal
sclerosed hardened
septicemia toxic infection of the blood
SGOT chemistry test to assess liver, heart, or skeletal muscle disease
SGPT chemistry test to assess liver damage
sickle cell anemia congenital anemia occurring primarily among Africans, where the RBCs have a sickle shape due to a defect in hemoglobin
STAT immediately
syncope fainting
syphilis test serology test to detect the presence of treponema pallidum, the organism which causes syphilis. Also called RPR, STS, & VDRL
thrombophlebitis inflammation of a vein with clot formation
thyroid studies chemistry tests performed to evaluate the function of the thyroid gland; includes T3, T4, T7, TSH, & PBI
transfixion the act of piercing through an object with a pointed weapon (transfixion of a vein)
triglycerides chemistry test to measure the amount of circulating lipids in the blood
uric acid chemistry test to measure uric acid in blood, a by-product of metabolism; increased in gout, uremia, & acidosis
Created by: ginaliane