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Chapter 8

The Byzantine Empire and Emerging Europe

in the Roman Empire, an official in charge of a province procurator
church leaders clergy
regular members of a church laity
an epidemic (widespread) disease plague
a rapid increase in prices inflation
a group of Christian churches under the authority of a bishop bishopric
a man who separate himself from ordinary human society in order to dedicate himself to God monk
the practice of living the life of a monk monasticism
a person sent out to carry a religious message missionary
a woman who separates herself from society in order to devote herself to God nun
the head of a convent abbess
"money for a man," a fine to be paid based on the value of the person in the event of injury or death wergild
a means of determining guilt in Germanic law by using a physical trial in which the accused was considered innocent if unharmed ordeal
He divided the Roman empire into two halves Diocletian
He created a new capital for the Roman Empire at Constantinople Constantine
He accepted Christianity in 312, thus making it a major religion in the Roman Empire Constantine
He became emperor of the Carolingians in the year 800 Charlemagne
These people were followers of Jesus who helped to spread his teachings after his death apostles
This was the head of a diocese of Christian churches bishop
He taught of the Golden Rule and to love God above all else Jesus Christ
After the Romans conquered Jewish lands, this happened revolts
These two men were key apostles who helped spread Jesus' teachings Simon Peter and Paul of Tarsus
These were written down between A.D. 40 and A.D. 100 the gospels
The Romans persecuted these people because of their different beliefs and Nero blaming them for the Great Fire of Rome Christians
This religion appealed to all classes, helping it to spread Christianity
The persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire ended in this century 4th century A.D.
This contributed to a significant loss in population and decline in the economy plague
Constantinople is the modern-day city of _____ Istanbul, Turkey
He became the emperor of the Byzantine Empire in 527 Justinian
Justinian's most significant contribution to the Byzantine Empire what this codification of Roman law
This Germanic group controlled much of modern-day Spain Visigoths
This Germanic group conquered most of Great Britain Angles and Saxons
This man set up the rules for monastic life Benedict
This was the key social bond in Germanic societies family
He was the most powerful of the Carolingian emperors Charlemagne
This was a Frankish dynasty started by Charles Martel Carolingian
A renewed interest in learning and the Classics took place during this The Carolingian Renaissance
In 1054, this happened between the Roman and Eastern Orthodox churches schism (split)
This group defeated the Byzantine army at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071 Seljuk Turks
The Romans conquered Jewish lands in this century 1st century A.D.
Diocletian split the Roman Empire in this year 284 A.D.
Constantine accepted Christianity in this year 312 A.D.
Justinian became emperor of the Byzantine empire in this year 527 A.D.
Charlemagne was crowned emperor by the pope in this year 800 A.D.
Created by: Mrs. Marquardt