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CH 14

QuestionAnswer
Where is the location of this unit? Western Europe
What is the religion practiced? Christianity
What is the writing used? Vernacular
What was the new type of churches that were built called? Gothic Cathedrals
What was the new type of job opened by trade? Merchants
What is the main job in this civilization? Farming
Who was Britain attacked by in the 800's? Danish Vikings
What other reason did leaders encourage people to go and fight in the Crusades besides defending the holy land? To get rid of fighting or un-loyal knights
How many problems were in the church? 3
What were the 3 problems in the church? Priests were getting married; Simony; and Lay Investiture
What does Lay investiture mean? Kings appointing church bishops
What made farming easier? The three fields system
Why were oxen's better than horses? They could plow more than a horse could in one day
What was the most common trade item? Cloth
What developed? Towns and cities
What killed 1/3 of the population? The Bubonic Plague
The first type of guilds were? What did they do? A group of merchants who worked together to improve the economic and social conditions of its members
A scholar in the 1200's was? Thomas Aquinas
Why was the three fields system a huge improvement? It increased the food production and increased the population
What does Vernacular mean? Everyday language
Who led the third crusade? Richard the Lion-Hearted
Who did the church persecute. Anyone who didn't practice Christianity
What made it easier to plant crops? The iron plow
Why was it called the holy war? They had to defend the holy land
What brought the return in learning and trade back? The results of the Crusades
Created by: 19DCipolla