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APWorld Chpt 9 Vocab

Vocbulary terms for chapter 9.

Stateless Societies African societies organized around kinship or other froms of obligation and lacking the concentration of political power and authority associated with states.
Ifriqiya the Arabic term for eastern North Africa
Maghrib the Arabic word for western North Africa
Almohadis A refromist movement among the Islamic Berbers of northern Africa; later than the Almoravids; penetrated into sub-Sahara Africa.
Juula Malinke merchants; fromed small partnerships to carry out trade throughout Mali Empire; eventually spread throughout much of West Africa.
Sundiata The "Lion Prince"; a member of the Keita clan; created a unified state that became the Mali Empire; died about 1260.
Griots Professional oral historians who served as keepers of traditions and advisors to kings within the Mali Empire.
Ibn Battura Arab traveler who described African societies and cultures in his travel records.
Timbuktu Port city of Mali; located just off the flood plain on the great bend in teh NIger River; population of 50,000; contained a library and university.
Songhay Successor state to Mali; dominated middle reaches of Niger valley; formed as independent kingdom under a Berber dynasty; capital at Gao; reached imperial status under Sunni Ali(r. 1464- 1492).
Muhammud the Great Extended the boundaries of the Songhay Empire; Islmaic ruler of the mid-16th century.
Hausa People of Northern Nigeria; formed states following the demise of Songhay Empire that combined Muslim and pagan traditions.
Sharia Islamic law; defined among other things the patrilineal nature of Islamic inheritence.
Zenj Arabic term for the East African coast
Benin Powerful city-state (in present-day Nigeria) which came into contact with the Portuguese in 1485 but remained relatively free of European influence; important commercial and political entity until the 19th century.
Demography the study of population
Demographic Transition Shift to low birth rate, low infant death rate, stable population; frist emerged in Western Europe and United States in late 19th century.
Kongo Kingdom, based on agriculture, fromed on lower Kongo River by late 15th century; capital at Mbanza Kongo; ruled by hereditary monarchy.
Great Zimbabwe Bantu confederation of Shona- speaking peoples located between Zambezi and Limpopo rivers; developed after 9th century; featured royal courts built of stone; created centralized state by 15 th century; king took title of Mwene Mutapa.
Created by: AlexB.