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White Module

White Module - Female Reproduction Reverse Definitions

QuestionAnswer
vagina Muscular tube from the cervix to the exterior of the body.
placenta previa Obstetric complication in which the placenta is attached close to or covers the cervical canal resulting in bleeding during labour.
dyspareunia Pain during sexual intercourse.
gynecologist Specialist in the study of the female.
uterus Organ that contains and nourishes the embryo from the time of fertilization until birth.
natal Pertaining to birth.
labial Pertaining to the lip.
ectopic pregnancy Pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum does not reach the uterine cavity but is implanted on any tissue, such as a fallopian tube, an ovary, the adbomen or even the cervix uteri.
abruptio placentae Premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall before the third stage of labour; also called placental abruption.
tubal ligation Procedure that ties the fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy.
cryosurgery Process of freezing tissue to destroy cells; also called cryocautery.
lactation Production and release of milk by mammary glands.
mammography Radiographic examination of the breast to screen for breast cancer.
hysterosalpingography (HSG) Radiography and usually, fluoroscopy of the uterus and uterine tubes following injection of a contrast medium.
mammary Relating to the breast.
endometrial biopsy Removal of a sampling of uterine endometrium for microscopic study.
cordocentesis Sampling of fetal blood drawn from the umbilical vein and preformed under ultrasound guidance.
chorionic villus sampling (CVS) Sampling of placental tissues for prenatal diagnosis of potential genetic defects.
kernicterus Serious condition involving mental retardation, jaundice and brain damage.
pruritus vulvae Severe itching of the external female genitals.
external genitalia Sex or reproductive organs visible on the outside of the body; also called genitals.
intrauterine device (IUD) Small, T-shaped device inserted by a physician inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy.
colpocleisis Surgical closure of the vaginal canal.
transverse rectus abdominis muscle (TRAM) flap Surgical creation of a skin flap and then shaping the abdominal tissue into a natural-looking breast and suturing it into place.
mammoplasty Surgical reconstruction of the breast(s) to change the size, shape or position.
colporrhaphy Suture of the vagina.
cerclage Suturing of the cervix to prevent it from dilating prematurely during pregnancy, decreasing the chance of a spontaneous abortion.
oral contraceptives Synthetic hormones used to prevent pregnancy and treat menstrual disorders.
prostaglandins Terminate pregnancy.
abortion Termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus is capable of surviving outside the uterus.
tubal Testing for patency of the uterine tubes made by transuterine insufflations with carbon dioxide; also called Rubin test.
menopause The end of menstruation for the remainder of a woman's life.
total plus bilateral salping-oorphorectomy Total hysterectomy, including removal of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes and ovaries.
amniocentesis Transabdominal puncture of the amniotic sac under US guidance using a syringe to remove amniotic fluid.
estrogens Treat symptoms of menopause through hormone replacement therapy.
antifungals Treat vaginal yeast infection by altering the yeast cell membrane or interfering with a metabolic process.
retroversion Being tipped from its normal position, especially an entire organ, such as the uterus.
transvaginal US of the pelvic area with a probe inserted into the vagina, which provides sharper images.
ultrasonography (US) High-frequency sound waves directed at soft tissue and reflected as "echoes" to produce an image on a monitor of internal body structure; also called ultrasound, sonography and echo.
laparoscopy Visual examination of the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope through one or more small incisions in the abdominal wall, usually at the umbilicus.
colposcopy Visual examination of the vagina and cervix with an optical magnifying instrument.
White vaginal discharge.
dilatation & curettage (D&C) Widening of the cervical canal with a dilator and scraping of the uterine endometrium with a curette.
introuterine Within the uterus.
hymen A fold partially or completely covering the vaginal opening.
obstetrician A physician who specializes in dealing with pregnancy, labour and puerperium.
nuliparous A woman who has never produced a viable offspring.
therapeutic abortion Abortion induced legally for medical or other reasons.
ovaries Almond-shaped glands located in the pelvic cavity wich produce the ovum and various hormones.
uterine fibroids Benign tumors of muscle and fibrous tissue that develop in the uterus; also called leiomyomas, myomas or fibroids.
reduction Breast reduction to reduce the size of a large, pendulous breast.
menorrhagia Bursting forth of menses.
spermicides Chemically destroy sperm by creating a highly acidic environment in the uterus.
breech presentation Common abnormality of delivery with the fetal buttocks or feet present first rather than the head.
tissue (skin) expansion Common breast reconstruction technique - a balloon expander beneath the skin and chest muscle, saline solution is gradually injected to increase size, and the expander is then replaced with a more permanent implant.
pregnancy Condition in which a fertilized ovum develops in the uterus.
atresia Congenital absence or closure of a normal body opening, such as the vagina.
reconstructive breast surgery Creation of a breast-shaped mound to replace a brease that has been removed due to cancer or other disease.
Papanicolaou (Pap) test Cytological study used to detect abnormal cells sloughed from the cervix and vagina, usually obtained during routine pelvic examination.
insufflation Delivery of pressurized air or gas into a cavity, chamber or organ to allow visual examination, remove an obstruction or apply medication.
conization Excision of a cone-shaped piece of tissue, such as mucosa of the cervix, for histological examination.
lumpectomy Excision of a small primary breast tumor and some of the normal tissue that surrounds it.
mastectomy Excision of the entire breast.
radical mastectomy Excision of the entire breast, all underarm lymph nodes, and chest wall muscles under the breast.
modified radical mastectomy Excision of the entire breast, including the lymph nodes in the underarm.
total (simple) mastectomy Excision of the entire breast, nipple, areola and the involved overlying skin; also called simple mastectomy.
hymenectomy Excision of the hymen.
hysterectomy Excision of the uterus.
vulvectomy Excision of the vulva.
pseudocyesis False pregnancy.
galactorrhea Flow of milk.
Down syndrome Genetic condition in which a person has 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46 (extra copy of chromosome 21), which causes delays in development of a child mentally and physically; also called trisomy 21.
total hysterectomy Hysterectomy where the cervix is removed but the ovaries and fallopian tubes remain; also called complete hysterectomy.
subtotal hysterectomy Hysterectomy where the cervix, ovaries and fallopian tubes remain.
sterility Inability of the female to become pregnant or the male to impregnate the female.
cesarean section Incision of the abdomen and uterus to remove the fetus; also called C-section.
hydrocephalus Increased accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid within the ventricles of the brain.
oxytocics Induce labour at term by increasing the strength and frequency of uterine contractions.
cystitis Inflammation of the bladder.
cervicitis Inflammation of the cervix.
endocervicitis Inflammation of the mucous lining of the cervix uteri.
oophoritis Inflammation of an ovary.
vaginitis Inflammation of the vagina.
augmentation Insertion of a breast prosthesis beneath the skin or beneath the pectoralis major muscle.
gestation Length of time from conception to birth.
choriocarcinoma Malignant neoplasm of the uterus or at the site of an ectopic pregnancy.
dysmenorrhea Menstrual pain.
pelvimetry Measurement of pelvic dimensions to determine whether the head of the fetus will be able to pass through the bony pelvis at allow delivery.
eclampsia Most serious form of toxemia during pregnancy.
os Mouth or opening.
orifice Mouth; entrance or outlet of any anatomical structure.
vagina muscular tube extending from the cervix to the exterior of the body
placenta previa obstetric complication in which the placenta is attached close to or covers the cervical canal that results in bleeding during labour when the cervix dilates
dyspareunia occurrence of pain during sexual intercourse
gynecologist one who specializes in the study of the female
uterus organ that contains and nourishes the embryo from the time of fertilization until birth
natal pertaining to birth
labial pertaining to the lip
ectopic pregnancy pregnancy in which the fertilized ovum does not reach the uterine cavity but becomes implanted on any tissue other than the lining of the uterine cavity, such as a fallopian tube, an ovary, the abdomen or even the cervix uteri
abruptio placentae premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall before the third stage of labour; also called placental abruption
tubal ligation procedure that ties the fallopian tubes to prevent pregnancy
cryosurgery process of freezing tissue to destroy cells; also called cryocautery
lactation production and release of milk by mammary glands
mammography radiographic examination of the breast to screen for breast cancer
hysterosalpingography (HSG) radiography and, usually, flouroscopy of the uterus and uterine tubes following injection of a contrast medium
mammary relating to the breast
endometrial biopsy removal of a sample of uterine endometrium for microscopic study
cordocentesis sampling of fetal blood drawn from the umbilical vein and performed under ultrasound guidance
chorionic villus sampling (CVS) sampling of placental tissues for prenatal diagnosis of potential genetic defects
kernicterus serious condition involving mental retardation, jaundice and brain damage
pruritus vulvae severe itching of the external female genitalia
external genitalia sex, or reproductive, organs visible on the outside of the body; also called genitals
intrauterine device (IUD) Small T-shaped device inserted by a physician inside the uterus to prevent pregnancy
colpocleisis surgical closure of the vaginal canal
transverse rectus abdominis muscle (TRAM) Surgicle creation of a skin flap using skin and fat from the lower half of the abdomen which is passed under the skin to the breast area, and then shaping abdominal tissue in to a natural looking breast and suturing it into place
mammoplasty surgical reconstruction of the breast(s) to change the size, shape or position
colporrhaphy suture of the vagina
cerclage suturing of the cervix to prevent it from dilating prematurely during pregnancy, thus decreasing the chance of a spontaneous abortion
oral contraceptives synthetic hormones used to prevent pregnancy and treat menstrual disorders
prostaglandins terminate pregnancy
abortion termination of pregnancy before the embryo or fetus is capable of surviving outside the uterus
tubal insufflation test for patency of the uterine tubes made by transuterine insufflations with carbon dioxide; also called Rubin test
menopause the end of menstruation for the remainder of a woman's life
total plus bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy total hysterectomy, including removal of the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes and ovaries
amniocentesis transabdominal puncture of the amniotic sac under ultrasound guidance using a needle and syringe to remove amniotic fluid
estrogens treat symptoms of menopause through hormone replacement therapy
antifungals treat vaginal yeast infection by altering the yeast cell membrane or interfering with a metabolic process
retroversion turning or state of being turned back; especially an entire organ, such as the uterus, being tipped from its normal position
transvaginal ultrasound US of the pelvic area performed with a probe inserted into the vagina, which provides sharper images of pathological and normal structures within the pelvis
ultrasonography (US) use of high-frequency sound waves directed at soft tissue and reflected as "echoes" to produce an image on a monitor of internal body structure; also called ultrasound, sonography, and echo
laparoscopy visual examination of the abdominal cavity with a laparoscope through one or more small incisions in the abdominal wall, usually at the umbilicus
colposcopy visual examination of the vagina and cervix with an optical magnifying instrument
leukorrhea white vaginal discharge
dilatation and curettage (D&C) Widening of the cervical canal with a dilator and scraping of the uterine endometrium with a curette
intrauterine within the uterus
Created by: Barbara Ross