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World History

"Age of Exploration" Topic 6

TermDefinition
Moluccas A group of islands in eastern Indonesia; center of spice trade in 1500s and 1600s
Cartography The study and practice of map making
Prince Henry Portuguese royal prince, soldier, and patron of explorers. Henry sent many sailing expeditions down Africa's west coast, but did not go on them himself.
Vasco De Gama He was the first European to reach India by sea, linking Europe and Asia for the first time by ocean route
Christopher Columbus Credited with discovering the new world for Spain on his exploration in 1492. He sought to find a quicker rout to the spice Islands but instead encountered a completely new continent
Line of Demarcation Line set by the Treaty of Tordesillas dividing the non-European world into two zones-one controlled by Spain and the other by Portugal.
Treaty of Tordesillas Treaty that divided the non-European world into two zones; one controlled by Spain and the other by Portugal.
Ferdinand Magellan Portuguese explorer who organized the Spanish expedition to the East Indies that resulted in the first circumnavigation of the Earth
Circumnavigate To travel completely around the world
Plantations Large estate run by an owner or overseer and worked by laborers who lived there
Dutch East India Company A trading company established by the Netherlands in 1602 to protect and expand its trade in Asia
Conquistador Spanish explorers who claimed lands in the Americas for Spain in the 1500s and 1600s
Immunity Natural resistance or protection; often times linked with disease
Hernan Cortez Spanish Conquistador who led an expedition that caused the fall of the Aztec Empire
Tenochtitlan Capital city of the Aztec Empire, on which modern day Mexico City is built
Alliances Formal agreement between two or more nations or powers to cooperate and come to one another's defense
Moctezuma Aztec emperor and king of Tenochtitlan
Francisco Pizzaro
Civil War War fought between two groups of people in the same nation
Viceroys Representative who was appointed to rule one of Spain's colonies or provinces in the new world
Bartolome de Las Casas
Triangular Trade trade routs between Europe, Africa, and the Americas (mainly the West Indies)
Middle Passage The leg of the triangular trade rout on which slaves were transported from Africa to the Americas.
Mutinies The revolt or up rise of a crew against its captain
Columbian Exchange The global exchange of goods, ideas, plants, and animals that began with Columbus's exploration of the Americas.
Mercantilism Policy that a country wanted to dominate trade so it could increase it's international wealth and power
Created by: Mr. Peirce