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Reverse Defs Exam Review Urinary Tract & Male Reproduction

epididymis a single tightly coiled tube above each testis that stores sperm
nephrotomography a study in which several planes of kidney are visualized
bladder an expandable hollow organ; temporary reservoir for urine
hematuria blood in the urine
prostate specific-antigen (PSA) blood test used to detect prostatic disorders
renal arteries carries waste laden blood to the tubules
calculi commonly called kidney stones; composed of mineral salts
blood urea nitrogen (BUN) determines the amount of nitrogen in blood that comes from the urea
culture and sensitivity (C & S) determines the causative organism of an infection and identifies how the organism responds to various antibotics
urinary system eliminates harmful products in the blood and filters them through urination
gynecomastia enlargement of breast tissue in the male
cryptorchidism failure of both testes to descend into the scrotal sac prior to birth
nephron filtering units located in the kidney tissue
kidneys fist-sized organs in the abdominal cavity
nephropexy fixation of a floating or mobile kidney
impotence inability of a male to obtain or maintain an erection
incontinence inability to control urine elimination or bowel function
balanitis inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis
polycystic kidney disease (PKD) inherited disease in which sacs of fluid called cysts develop in the kidneys
foreskin loose skin covering at the end of the penis
hemodialysis mechanical removal of waste substances from the blood
electrolytes mineral salts (sodium, potassium, or calcium)that carries an electrical charge
prostatocystalgia pain in the prostate and bladder
dysuria painful urination
residual pertaining to that which is left as residue
renal pertaining to the kidneys
nephrolithiasis presence of a kidney stone
nitrogeneous waste product of protein metabolism
diuretics promote and increase the excretion of urine
pyuria pus in the urine
pyelolithotomy removal of a stone in the renal pelvis by incision
circumsicion removal of the foreskin
vasectomy removal of the vas deferens
kidney transplast replacement of a diseased kidney
urgengy the sensation of the need to void immediately
peritoneum serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity
phimosis stenosis of the foreskin so that it cannot be retracted over the glans penis
renal vein structure which carries blood away from the kidney
vericocele swelling and distention of veins of the spermatic cord
hydrocele swelling of the sac surrounding the testes
ejaculation the expulsion of seminal fluid
sperm cell the male gamete
hypospadias the opening of the urethra is on the under surface of the male penis
caylx the cuplike division of the kidney pelvis
excretion the process of expelling material from the body
catheterization to insert a catheter into a cavity to remove body fluid
uremia toxic condition of nitrogenous wastes in the blood
urochrome urine colour
urinalysis urine screening test that includes physical observation, chemical tests and microscopic evaluation
micturition voiding
Created by: amatt